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The Kingdom of Kashi – Revisiting History

The Kingdom of Kashi was an ancient Indian kingdom located in the region around its capital Varanasi, the latter bounded by the Varuna and Asi rivers in the north and south and named after them. It has existed since the time of Ramayana and Mahabharata. Its easternmost border was the legendary Son River, which was also the western border of Magadh. It would have covered much of the area of Eastern UP centered around today’s Varanasi and the present southwestern part of Bihar that was Arrah district. Today this area comprises Rohtas, Buxar, and Kaimur districts. 

The Kingdom of Kashi was one of the 16 Mahājanapadas.

The Mahājanapadas (Sanskrit: great realm, from maha, “great,” and janapada “foothold of a people”) were sixteen kingdoms that existed in ancient India. Mahājanapadas were mentioned in Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas and were heavily mentioned in Buddhist and Jaina texts. This means the Kingdom of Kashi existed at least 9000 years ago. Sumitra, one of the wives of Dasaratha and mother to Lakshmana and Shatrugna, was from the Kashi kingdom. 

The Kashi Kingdom – Rulers and Bhagwan Shiva

Kasi was ruled by an Asura named Kshemaka, who Panchala prince Dividosa defeated. Dividosa then became the king of Kashi. The successive rulers were Haryasva and Sudeva. Kashi was later governed by Kuru kings. This was the great Vedic Age where Bhagwan Shiva was worshipped. People since those days have believed that this is the place where one can attain liberation from the Life and Death Maya (trap). For over 3000 years, people have considered that it is here that Bhagwan Shiva gives the Tarak Mantra to the ones who are about to die.

This is a part of the Pre-historic kingdoms series. 

The Kashi Kingdom – Wealth and Human Development

Prosperity and opulence were everywhere in the Kashi Kingdom. It was the center of Vedic and education par excellence. In the Rigveda, an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns, the city is referred to as Kāśī (काशी: Kashi) from the Sanskrit verbal root kaś- “to shine”, making Varanasi known as “City of Light”, the “luminous city as an eminent seat of learning.” It was widely known for its military prowess. It is still regarded as one of seven holy cities (Sapta Puri) which can provide Moksha, Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Kashi, Kanchi, Avanti, and Dvārakā are the seven cities known as the givers of liberation. No wonder Kashi is considered one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited regions. 

“Benares is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend, and looks twice as old as all of them put together.”

Uber aims for 50,000 Teslas on its platform by 2023

(IANS) Ride-hailing company Uber is acquiring 50,000 Tesla vehicles to rent to its drivers as part of an ambitious plan to electrify its fleet in the US by 2030.

The ride-hailing company is working with US-based rental car company Hertz, which announced that it had ordered 100,000 Tesla vehicles.

The move comes as car companies and transportation providers around the world are coming under regulatory pressure to phase out gas-powered vehicles in favour of those that produce zero emissions, reports The Verge.

California, the largest auto market in the US, set in place rules for ride-hailing companies like Uber and Lyft, requiring that 90 per cent of their fleets be electric by 2030.

Uber has long offered discounts on car rentals to drivers who don’t own their own vehicle, with Uber and Hertz working together on such a programme since 2016.

But they have never collaborated to rent out one specific vehicle to drivers until now, the report said.

Starting November 1, Uber drivers who live in Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, and Washington, DC can rent a Tesla Model 3 through Hertz at a rate of $334 a week, including maintenance and insurance.

The weekly rate will fall to $299 or lower as the programme gets underway, Uber says. And the programme will expand nationwide in the weeks to come — to have all 50,000 Teslas on Uber’s platform by 2023.

It may be difficult to attract drivers to the programme with a weekly rate of $334, but Uber is confident that drivers will see the benefit in fuel savings and less maintenance.

Meanwhile, Elon Musk-run electric car company has hit the $1 trillion market cap for the first time.

Tesla becomes the fifth US company to join the $1 trillion club, after Apple, Microsoft, Amazon and Alphabet.

Its stock soared to a new record-high after it crossed $950 during the trading — up more than 9 per cent.

The rally came after the US-based rental car company Hertz said it has ordered 100,000 Tesla vehicles (worth at least $4.2 billion) by the end of 2022 as part of an ambitious plan to electrify its fleet.

The move includes a new EV charging infrastructure across the company’s global operations.

Samsung’s One UI design to come on Windows laptops

(IANS) South Korean tech giant Samsung is reportedly bringing its One UI 4 mobile interface design to its Galaxy Book series of Windows laptops.

The new design changes will appear inside Samsung’s Windows apps like Samsung Notes, Samsung Gallery and Samsung Settings, reports The Verge.

The changes are designed to match the mobile interface that Samsung’s bringing to its latest Android phones, to make it easier to switch between the two.

The main Samsung Settings app has been overhauled to better fit the design changes in Windows 11, with new app icons, menu layouts and more.

Samsung’s Notes app also has a new menu layout, updated icons, and refreshed folders.

The Samsung Gallery app is the final app that has been updated with One UI 4 changes and it includes a dark mode to match Windows 11’s themes.

While Microsoft has also overhauled its design language with Windows 11, Samsung’s changes here bring a more mobile-like UI to its Windows apps.

Samsung is calling this One UI Book 4, and it will be available on the Galaxy Book Pro 360, Galaxy Book Pro, Galaxy Book Flex2, Galaxy Book, and Galaxy Book Odyssey.

Samsung’s design effort on Windows comes after years of a close partnership between Microsoft and Samsung, the report said.

The pair originally partnered to bring Android and Windows closer together, resulting in a lot of exclusive Your Phone integration for Samsung devices.

Google to let you request to remove images from search results

(IANS) Tech giant Google has launched a new safety feature that lets under-18s request the removal of images of themselves from the company’s search results.

According to The Verge, the feature was originally announced in August (along with new restrictions of ad targeting of minors) but is now widely available.

Anyone can start the removal process from this help page, the report said.

Applicants will need to supply the URLs of images they want to be removed from search results, the search terms that surface those images, the name and age of the minor and the name and relationship of the individual that might be acting on their behalf — a parent or guardian, for example.

The company notes it will remove images of any minors “with the exception of cases of compelling public interest or newsworthiness”.

It also seems from Google’s language that it won’t comply with requests unless the person in the image is currently under 18.

So, if you’re 30, you can’t apply to remove pictures of you when you were 15, the report said.

That limits the scope of the tool to prevent abuse or harassment, but it presumably makes the process of verification much easier. It’s hard to prove what age you are in any given photo as opposed to proving how old you are right now.

Google also stresses that removing an image from its search results does not, of course, remove it from the web.

In addition to these new removal options for images of minors, Google already offers other avenues for requesting the removal of specific types of harmful content.

These include non-consensual explicit imagery, fake pornography, financial or medical information, and “doxxing” information including home addresses and phone numbers.

Resumption of India marketing initiatives helps Spotify reach 381 mn users

(IANS) Riding on its India performance and resumption of marketing activity in the country, Swedish music streaming app Spotify on Wednesday said it has reached 381 million monthly active users (MAUs) in its third quarter (Q3), a 19 per cent growth (on-year).

The company has experienced double-digit growth in all regions.

The growth was “aided by the resumption of marketing activity in India along with above-plan growth in the Philippines and Indonesia,” the company said in a statement.

“Audio is our right to win. While we have been relentless in our pursuit of being the world’s largest audio platform, it’s still early days and we are just getting started,” said Spotify CEO and Founder, Daniel Ek.

This quarter, Spotify added several major promotional partnerships, including OnePlus (Spotify preloads on OnePlus mobile devices in India with 3 or 6 month trials and a limited offer of 12 month trials to OnePlus Red Cable Club members).

At the end of Q3, it had 3.2 million podcasts on the platform (up from 2.9 million at the end of Q2).

“Internationally, we released 76 new O&E (owned and exclusive) podcasts, with notable traction in India and Latin America where Originals have been helpful in stimulating new user acquisition,” the company informed.

Premium subscribers grew 19 per cent to 172 million in the quarter. Revenue grew 27 per cent to 2,501 million euros.

Among MAUs that engaged with podcasts in Q3, consumption trends remained strong (up 20 per cent Y/Y on a per user basis) while month-over-month retention rates continued to trend positively.

“Podcast share of overall consumption hours on our platform also reached an all-time high during the quarter,” the company said.

7 Most Common Workers’ Compensation Injuries (And Their Causes)

When workplace injuries happen, they can derail your life and career. Not all workplace accidents will need the insight of a workers’ compensation attorney, but some individuals may want to call a professional right away. 

If you’ve recently sustained an on-the-clock injury, hiring a lawyer may be in your best interest. 

Signs you need to hire a workers’ compensation attorney

Dealing with increasing medical costs, lost wages, and completing the required accident report paperwork can be overwhelming. If you feel like you’re drowning in post-injury obligations, you should contact a workers’ compensation attorney through a firm like Schwartzapfel Lawyers (www.fightingforyou.com/) to handle your claim.  

Here are some additional scenarios wherein you could use an attorney’s help: 

  • The employer or workers’ compensation board denies your accident claim
  • You are not receiving a response 
  • You have a pre-existing health condition 
  • The medical costs exceed the settlement payment

In these cases, an attorney can help set you back on your feet and win you the compensation you deserve for your damages. 

Now that you know whether it’s time to hire a lawyer, here are seven common examples of injuries that result in workers’ compensation claims. 

The seven most common workers’ compensation injuries 

Knowing the most common workplace injuries can help you determine if you need help from a professional. 

Slips, trips, and falls 

Slipping on wet surfaces or tripping over items can cause employees to fall and injure themselves. When these accidents happen, the worker can suffer broken bones or fractures, contusions, and even concussions. 

Sprains or strains 

Sprains or strains can happen when a person overexerts their body to perform movements like lifting and pulling. Often repetitive actions can also create strains on muscles, causing injury over time. 

Eye injuries

Without proper eye protection, an employee risks chemical splashes or other debris entering the eye, causing irritation, injury, or blindness. 

Motor vehicle or heavy equipment accidents 

Jobs where driving is required increase the chances for motor vehicle or heavy equipment accidents. Traffic incidents are common for many drivers who work under time pressure. At the same time, heavy equipment accidents will arise when there is no backup spotter or the driver does not follow current safety procedures. 

Lacerations and punctures 

Using sharp equipment without the proper protective equipment to perform job duties can result in lacerations and punctures to the skin. Other incidents can occur when an employee is rushing and does not use the tools correctly. 

Struck by an object 

Falling objects can strike a person and significantly injure them. For example, stock shelves piled too high or unsecured loads can topple over and hit workers, causing severe harm. Other incidents can include falling tools that are left unattended during the workday. 

Machinery accidents 

Industries wherein heavy operating machinery is the standard may see snagged clothing, crushed fingers, or other injuries such as burns. In addition, when employees do not follow proper procedures or wear the appropriate safety gear, workplace accidents become more devastating and more likely.

Before you go 

Knowledge of workplace injuries is the first step in prevention, and you should never feel like your job is more important than your physical wellbeing. 

If you hurt yourself at work, you should seek immediate medical attention and contact a workers’ compensation attorney to help manage your claim. Be safe, and don’t forget your lock-out tag-out procedures. 

Sudan’s Burhan says army ousted government to avoid civil war

Protesters block a road during what the information ministry calls a military coup in Khartoum, Sudan

Sudan’s armed forces chief defended the military’s seizure of power, saying he had ousted the government to avoid civil war, while protesters took to the streets on Tuesday to demonstrate against the takeover after a day of deadly clashes.

The military takeover on Monday brought a halt to Sudan’s transition to democracy, two years after a popular uprising toppled long-ruling Islamist autocrat Omar al-Bashir.

On Tuesday evening, the Sudanese Professionals Association group of trade unions said it had “reports of retaliatory attacks by coup forces on protesters’ gathering sites” in the capital Khartoum and other cities, “using bullets, and attempts to break through barricades”.

The Facebook page for the office of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, apparently still under the control of Hamdok loyalists, said a number of ministers and civilian politicians were still detained in unknown locations. Witnesses said unidentified people arrested Faiz al-Salik, a former media adviser to Hamdok.

Speaking at his first news conference since announcing the takeover, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan said the army had no choice but to sideline politicians who were inciting against the armed forces.

“The dangers we witnessed last week could have led the country into civil war,” he said, an apparent reference to demonstrations against the prospect of a coup.

Hamdok, who was arrested on Monday along with other members of his Cabinet, had not been harmed and had been brought to Burhan’s own home, the general said. “The prime minister was in his house. However, we were afraid that he’d be in danger so he has been placed with me in my home.”

Later on Tuesday, a source close to Hamdok said he and his wife were at their home and under tight security. Family sources said they were unable to reach Hamdok or his wife by phone.

Burhan had appeared on TV on Monday to announce the dissolution of the Sovereign Council, a body set up after Bashir’s overthrow to share power between the military and civilians and lead Sudan to free elections.

Siddig Alsadig Almahdi of the Umma Party, which had a representative on the Sovereign Council, was arrested at his home, and activist Ismail Al-Tag, a lawyer who was active in the 2019 anti-Bashir protests, was also arrested, Foreign Minister Mariam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi told Al Jazeera TV.

Hamdok remains “the executive authority recognised by the Sudanese people and the world”, the Facebook post said, adding that there was no alternative other than protests, strikes and civil disobedience.

Sudanese ambassadors to 12 countries, including the United States, United Arab Emirates, China, and France, have rejected the military takeover, a diplomatic source said on Tuesday.

Ambassadors to Belgium and the European Union, Geneva and U.N. agencies, China, South Africa, Qatar, Kuwait, Turkey, Sweden and Canada also signed on to the statement, which said the envoys backed popular resistance to the coup.

U.S. President Joe Biden’s administration is looking at a full range of economic tools to respond to the military takeover and has been in close contact with Gulf countries, White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan said.

Western countries have denounced the coup, called for the detained Cabinet ministers to be freed and said they will cut off vital aid if the military does not restore power-sharing with civilians. The German mission to the United Nations said on Twitter that it was suspending aid until further notice.

The U.N. Security Council met on Sudan but there was no immediate statement, diplomats said. U.N. chief Antonio Guterres on Tuesday decried “an epidemic of coup d’états” as Sudan is the latest in a series of military takeovers in Myanmar, Mali and Guinea and attempted coups in several other countries.


A health ministry official said seven people had been killed in clashes between protesters and the security forces on Monday.

Khartoum and its twin city Omdurman across the Nile River were partly locked down on Tuesday with shops shut and plumes of smoke rising from where protesters burned tyres. Calls for a general strike were played over mosque loudspeakers. Streets and bridges were blocked by soldiers or protester barricades.

The only people in the streets apart from protesters were security forces heavily deployed around the presidential palace and ministry of defence.

Banks and cash machines were also closed. Mobile phone apps widely used for money transfers could not be used.

“We are paying the price for this crisis,” a man in his 50s looking for medicine at one of the pharmacies where stocks have been running low said angrily. “We can’t work, we can’t find bread, there are no services, no money.”

A group of neighbourhood resistance committees in Khartoum announced a schedule of further barricades and protests leading to what it said would be a “march of millions” on Saturday.

Images on social media showed renewed street protests on Tuesday in the cities of Atbara, Dongola, Elobeid and Port Sudan.

The military appeared to have underestimated civilian opposition on the street, according to Jonas Horner of the International Crisis Group.

“They haven’t learned their lesson,” he said. “As we saw post the revolution and post-Bashir, the streets were determined and civilians were willing to die for this.”

Burhan said the military’s action did not amount to a coup.

“We only wanted to correct the course to a transition,” he said. “We had promised the people of Sudan and the entire world. We will protect this transition.” He said a new government would be formed that would contain no typical politicians.

Soon prepare your artwork as an NFT on Adobe Photoshop

(IANS) Software major Adobe is set to soon launch Photoshop with an option to prepare your artwork as an non-fungible token (NFT) which the creators can link it to their crypto wallet and help tackle NFT art theft.

Called ‘Content Credentials’, NFT sellers will be able to link the Adobe ID with their crypto wallet, allowing compatible NFT marketplaces to show that the art’s source is authentic, The Verge reported on Tuesday.

According to Adobe’s chief product officer Scott Belsky, this functionality will be built into Photoshop with a “prepare as NFT” option.

The functionality will be launched as a preview by the end of this month.

Adobe said that NFT marketplaces like OpenSea, Rarible, KnownOrigin, and SuperRare will be able to integrate with ‘Content Credentials’ to show Adobe’s attribution information.

NFTs are digital assets that have existed for years, but the last few months have given a fresh lease of life to cryptocurrency and crypto-art.

NFTs allow people to buy and sell ownership of unique digital items in cryptocurrencies, and keep track of who owns them using the Blockchain. NFTs can technically contain anything digital, including drawings, artworks, tweets, animated GIFs, songs, or even video games.

Cisco boosts its enterprise meet platform Webex to address hybrid work

(IANS) Networking giant Cisco on Tuesday announced significant new innovations across its meeting and collaboration platform Webex, the industry’s first and most comprehensive end-to-end hybrid work solution.

Cisco has launched more than 1,000 Webex innovations in the last 12 months and the new features spans advancements for the hybrid workforce, workplace, events, and IT teams.

“Our new Webex innovations mark a significant step forward in helping our customers unlock the potential of their hybrid workforces – enabling them to collaborate in new ways and drive inclusive experience,” said Jeetu Patel, EVP and GM, Cisco Security and Collaboration at ‘WebexOne 2021’.

Webex by Cisco is the leading enterprise solution for video conferencing, online meetings, screen share and webinars.

The Webex interoperability with Zoom, Microsoft and Google video communications platforms will ensure seamless collaboration with customers’ preferred platforms and devices.

Webex has also been optimised to ensure all participants can be heard, regardless of how far they are from a conference phone device.

“Speaker selectivity now differentiates intended speech from background noise to remove distracting sounds,” Cisco said.

New ‘People Focus’ camera capabilities, available in December, will provide better clarity and optimised visuals of in-room attendees’ facial gestures and body language.

Webex device camera intelligence enhancements in early 2022 are expected to further improve the view of people in meeting rooms, including showing conference room participants in individual boxes onscreen, regardless of meeting service.

The new Webex Desk Mini enables workers to easily create a workspace anywhere. It features a 15.6-inch interactive 1080p display, 64-degree HD camera, full-range speaker and background noise removal mic array.

“New Webex interoperability with other video technologies ensures seamless collaboration across customers’ preferred platforms and devices,” the company said.

WhatsApp may soon ask users to verify identity to make payments

(IANS) Facebook-owned WhatsApp may soon ask users to verify their identity to make payments on the platform.

According to XDA Developers, new strings spotted in the latest WhatsApp beta release suggest that the messenger will require users to upload verification documents to continue using payments on WhatsApp.

Currently, when users set up WhatsApp Pay in India, the service only verifies the phone number linked to your bank account to enable UPI-based transactions.

In Brazil, the messenger uses Facebook Pay to validate users’ credit or debit cards to facilitate payments.

At the moment, the service doesn’t require users to submit any identity verification documents to make payments. However, that might change soon, the report said.

WhatsApp v2.21.22.6 beta includes a few new strings which suggest that users might have to submit identity verification documents to continue using payments.

The identity verification might be limited to those who use WhatsApp Pay to receive payments for their businesses.

UPI-based apps, like Google Pay, PhonePe and even WhatsApp Pay don’t require users to submit any documents to transfer or receive money. However, wallet apps like PayTM do ask for KYC verification as per RBI guidelines.

WhatsApp is yet to make an official announcement regarding this change. Since the new strings have just made their way to the beta version, it might be a while before the company reveals any details, the report said.

Facebook redirected for ‘serving young adults’: Mark Zuckerberg

(IANS) Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg on Tuesday said he’s redirecting teams within the company to “make serving young adults their north star”, media reports said.

The comment, made on a call with investors this afternoon, is focused on the social networking giant’s concerns about declining usage among teenagers and young adults, The Verge reported.

“So much of our services have gotten dialed to be the best for the most people who use them, rather than specifically for young adults,” Zuckerberg said.

With new changes, Facebook usage among older users will grow slower, he said, which according to him is “the right approach”.

While the changes may take years, an immediate shift could be seen on Instagram. The platform is likely to see “significant changes” to lean further into video and make reels “a more central part of the experience”, Zuckerberg said.

The shift toward video is a clear response to TikTok, which Zuckerberg called “one of the most effective competitors we’ve ever faced,” the report said.

As per leaked Facebook documents, the company is considering to increase usage among younger users, including revamped groups, job finding tools, and “mood feeds”, it added.

A report by The Verge on Monday showed that Facebook and Instagram are losing young users at an alarming rate as the millennials and Gen Z now opt for more immersive social game platforms like TikTok, Snapchat, Fortnite, Roblox and more.

Teenage users on Facebook in the US are projected to drop 45 per cent over the next two years, driving an overall decline in daily users in the company’s most lucrative ad market, while posting by teenagers on Instagram dropped 13 per cent from 2020 and “remains the most concerning trend”.

Facebook has been working on Groups+, meant to let young people join groups for specific personalities and “close-knit communities” as a way to “increase cultural relevance”.

The social media giant is also planning to rebrand the company with a new name that focuses on the metaverse.

The Metaverse is a set of virtual spaces where one can create and explore with other people who aren’t in the same physical space.

Facebook CEO Zuckerberg is expected to announce the new branding at the company’s Connect conference on October 28.

Life in Luxury Homes in Spain and Its Features

white wooden cupboards
Photo by Mark McCammon on Pexels.com

The dream of buying your own home in some warm and beautiful place haunts most people. If you want to give yourself a real paradise, then you have to get acquainted with the Spanish real estate market, where you can find the most expensive house in Spain. Why here? Because Spain is the ideal country for both family and single life, because all conditions are created here for a full recreation and enjoyable way of life. Houses here are built for comfort and joy, so no one will be discouraged in such luxurious dwellings.

The features of the planning and design of local houses may surprise the foreigner a little, but it is a special style that shows the desire for self-expression, independence and creativity.

Features and benefits of housing in Marbella

If you want to plunge into real life, full of pleasure and carefree, check out the luxury homes in Marbella, located in the heart of life in the resort city of the south of Spain. The Mediterranean coast has sandy beaches and incredibly beautiful sunsets, which is why the houses in Marbella are so popular and expensive. 

This is literally the center of luxury resort life, where there is a huge number of luxury houses, mansions and villas. It is a place where thousands of people come to rest, there is an atmosphere of relaxation and life satisfaction.

Here you will find huge houses overlooking the sea and can appreciate their merits not only in terms of location, but also the interior decoration and elitist facade, which speaks of exclusivity and wealth.

 How to choose the best option for yourself in Marbella?

Despite the fact that almost all of the luxury homes here are incredibly expensive and almost as good as each other in beauty, size and availability of amenities, the buyer may have doubts about which home is the best.

It’s not about the price. First of all, you have to understand that even the most expensive house may not suit your energy, design or location. You should be guided only by what you really want from your home. 

Location. If you want to buy a house right next to the sea, then you will be offered one range of options, and if it suits you life away from the coast, then completely different, but that does not mean that the houses will be less luxurious or of high quality.

Aesthetic preferences. This is an important point for those people who appreciate beauty and detail. A house should be pleasant in terms of aesthetics, so it is worth buying a house that you initially liked for its facade and interior decoration. Later you can change it if you want, but the first impression is ve

ry important.

Reasons Ford shifted its Manufacturing Facility to Mexico

black and silver ford logo
Photo by Julissa Helmuth on Pexels.com

An essential news that peoples got this month was the plan proposed by Ford to shift its big chunk of manufacturing operation to Mexico. The decision of the company has experienced both praises and criticism from their customers. Ford enjoys a great presence in the United States and last year alone, it produced a whopping 2.5 million cars and vans at their US facility.

Ford also stands to be a major investor in the United States engine plants, assembly plants, stamping plants with an amazing investment of over $10 million dollars in the last few years. Even with so much progress, the company plans to expand its manufacturing reach and set up a facility in Mexico. Well, there are so many reasons to do this. Some of them are given below:

Trade agreements

Mexico, at present, is in several trade agreements with countries across the globe and this is beneficial for businesses. With a trade agreement, businesses can easily export their products to the cosignatory nations with no problem, at a lower financial price. For instance, NAFTA between the United States and Mexico allows products to be traded at extremely slashed tax rates and with lowest fees on products moving out of the nation. All in All, Mexico has 43 trade agreements which open up amazing opportunities to Ford, offering them a broader number of trading partners to select from.

Reduced costs

Another reason to shift to Mexico is the benefits the company will avail from lower costs which can be used in all stages of the production procedure. Mexico is renowned for lower salaries and cost of living which allows businesses to increase their profits. This when teamed with beneficial trade deals that don’t impose hefty export and import taxes enhances the appeal of Mexico for businesses of all shapes and sizes.

Benefits of several deals and trading agreements

Ford’s decision to shift Mexico was criticized because it could cost thousands of Americans their jobs. But the reality is, Mexico and the United States will work better when they work in collaboration, rather than working as rivals. By working together, companies that function in both the nations will be able take benefits of several international trade agreements that may otherwise not be accessible to them.


Mexico offers top quality products at a lower price. The number of companies that moved to Mexico for manufacturing is proof to the reliability and quality of the goods coming out of Mexico. Automotive manufacturing Mexico already enjoys a great reputation across the world and Ford plans to cash it out too.

Effective logistics

Apart from the above-mentioned benefits, the physical transportation of products is also done easily in Mexico because of its well-planned logistics system. It means businesses can transport their goods to any nation with ease through any means. By speeding their transportation, Ford can ensure that they work with highest efficiency and zero time wasted.


Surely, automotive manufacturing Mexico has a number of benefits and Ford will definitely benefit from it in the long run and enhance its position in the worldwide manufacturing and trade.

How to Set Personal Boundaries

person standing near lake
Photo by Lukas Rychvalsky on Pexels.com

As you go through life you will come across many different people from all walks of life. They will all have their own likes, dislikes, opinions, viewpoints, and senses of humor. No two persons’ lives and experiences have been exactly the same, which is why each person’s perceptions about the world and the people in it are different.

It is because of this you must know what behaviors you are willing to accept from people and what crosses the line for you. Even more important, you must be able to effectively communicate your personal boundaries at the appropriate time.

Know Yourself

Before you can communicate to people what your personal boundaries are, you must figure out what they are. You have to determine for yourself how any person must treat you if they want to be a part of your life. This goes for all kinds of relationships, friends, lovers, and even family. Take some time for yourself to really think about how you want to be treated. Write down your personal boundaries for every type of relationship and look at them every day until you internalize them.

You must be willing to commit to keeping your personal boundaries intact with every person that is a part of your life. If anyone should refuse to respect your boundaries and mistreat you, then you have to remove them from your life. If this isn’t possible, such as when it’s a coworker, then minimize your contact with them and be professional.

You must do this no matter how much you may like the person, no matter how much you may be attracted to them. This is not out of hate or rejection of them, it is out of love for yourself. Love for yourself is one of the most important things to have, not just for successful relationships but in all areas of life.

Let People Know When Their Behavior Is Unacceptable

Once you know what your personal boundaries are, you must let people know when they have crossed the line into unacceptable behavior when they are with you. It is best not to make a scene by confronting the person in front of others. This can tend to put people on the defensive and they will be less willing to listen to you.

As soon as you can after the incident pull them aside and calmly but firmly tell them what they did and why you find it unacceptable. If they repeat the same offending behavior again after you have made it clear that they shouldn’t, then it is time for you to stop associating with someone who clearly does not respect you.

I have had to end several friendships over the years with people who I got along with otherwise because of a lack of respect for my boundaries. One guy in particular I had a great time hanging out with but whenever any females entered the picture he would try to embarrass and belittle me in front of them. He seemingly did this to try and knock me down a few notches to make himself look better.

I talked to him about it after the first time he did it and made it very clear that it wasn’t cool and he shouldn’t do it again. He stopped doing it for a while but then proceeded to do it again. As a result we stopped hanging out and the friendship was over.

While it is true that you need other people in your life, you do not need anyone that is going to disrespect you or bring you down in any way. You should never sacrifice your self respect or love for yourself for the sake of someone else.

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