The History of Metro in Russia

An employee wearing a protective mask uses a device to take passengers' body temperature near a mosaic artwork, which depicts German philosopher Karl Marx, at an entrance to a metro station in central Moscow, Russia May 1, 2020. Russia marks the Spring and Labour Day without traditional demonstrations and celebrations due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak

The Moscow Metro is one of the largest and busiest subway systems in the world. It also contains some of the most beautiful architecture in Russia.

The Moscow Metro was built in the 1930s as part of Joseph Stalin’s plan to modernize Russia. It was a symbol of how effectively the Soviet government could mobilize for great projects.

The First Line

The Moscow Metro is one of the world’s largest and most crowded systems. With 14 lines and 214 stations it carries 7.2 million passengers every day.

It is built on a Russian gauge of 1,520 mm and uses a third rail running on 825 Volt DC. The average distance between stations is 1800 m.

There are 88 deep stations (pylons), 123 shallow stations, 12 surface-level and 5 elevated stations. The design of the deep stations follows the so-called “centipede” layout.

Many of the original stations were designed in the style of Socialist Realist art and architecture, meaning they were meant to be underground “palaces of the people.” However, as part of Stalin’s first five-year plan (1928-1932), the architectural extravagance was toned down, so that the designs look identical to each other, with only colour variations.

The Second Line

The Second Line of the Moscow Metro is a very popular tourist attraction, especially for its ornate station architecture. These stations were built during Stalin’s reign, when he was trying to promote Socialist Realism, and they were intended to be underground “palaces of the people”.

The architecture for these original metro stations is very grandiose, combining traditional art deco with Soviet themes. Many stations feature intricate murals, chandeliers, and candelabras.

As with the first line, the decorative stones used for these stations were from old abandoned quarries in different parts of Russia. Some were from Nizhne-Tagil in the Urals, and others were from Gazgan quarries in Uzbekistan.

The Third Line

The Moscow Metro is a large underground railway system that connects most of the city’s main attractions. Its route length is about 412.1 kilometers and it is the 5th largest underground railway system in the world.

The system is divided into 88 stations that are deep underground, 123 that are shallow and 12 that are surface-level. The deepest station is Park Pobedy at 84 meters.

Many of the stations in the metro are themed to reflect Russia’s history. Some feature life-size bronze statues. Others include people who contributed to the country’s success.

Some stations are spartan-looking while others are designed to resemble palaces. Some of them are very impressive and are a great place to visit when you’re in Moscow. Some stations even have epic chandeliers! The architecture of the underground subway stations is very interesting and it is one of the things that make the Moscow Metro so great.

The Fourth Line

Moscow is home to the fourth busiest transit system in the world, with over 300 kilometers of lines connecting 188 stations. This underground maze-like network is one of the most exciting things to experience in the city.

There are many interesting aspects to the Moscow Metro, including a few things that you may not know. For instance, the trains travel almost every 1-2 minutes.

The Metro also has loud-speakers that announce the directions of the train. However, unless you speak Russian, these announcements can be difficult to understand.

If you plan on traveling the Metro, it is helpful to have a map that is in both Russian and English. This will make it much easier to navigate the network and find your way out if you need to change trains. The maps also show the direction of each line.

The Fifth Line

Opening in 1935 under Joseph Stalin, the Moscow Metro was not just a feat of engineering and architecture but also a public relations tool for communism. Many stations were designed with marble columns, elaborate ceilings and rotundas, public works of art and lavish light fixtures.

The design of Moscow’s metro stations was meant to encapsulate the “radiant future” (svetloe budushchee) that the USSR promised to deliver through its system. The stations were designed to represent a luxurious underground environment that reminded passengers that their taxes were being spent on materializing this future.

Some of the most impressive Moscow Metro stations are Komsomolskaya and Kiyevskaya, which feature marble pillars and rotundas. They also include mosaic murals of scenes from Russian life and key historical figures, tributes to Dostoevsky, sculptures of the Soviet mass and marble reliefs that retell stages in Russia’s history.

The Sixth Line

The Moscow Metro is one of the most spectacular sights in Russia. Its long marble corridors and fascinating Soviet-themed frescoes and gilded sculptures are a sight not to miss!

There are 17 lines that run across Moscow, and each line is identified by a name, number and color. In addition, the stations are arranged in a way that helps you navigate.

Once you get on a train, you can hear the announcer read out what station is coming next. The announcement is usually in Russian and can be confusing if you don’t speak it.

The first thing to remember is that the train moves very quickly so it’s not necessary to run to catch it. However, be sure to verify against your metro map that you’re on the correct line!

The Seventh Line

The Moscow Metro is one of the world’s most beautiful underground transport systems. The system is a mix of history, culture and engineering that creates a welcoming but awe-inspiring introduction to the city for visitors.

Its first line, which opened in 1935, is best known for its ornate stations crafted from marbles and granites from the Urals and Georgia. This was a great boost to the Soviet stone quarrying and processing industries at that time.

Using this type of natural material helped the metro’s architects to design a more elegant and refined system, blending socialism with art deco style. This was especially the case in the earlier stations, which were adorned with ornate arches and sculptures.

The Eighth Line

The Metro is an iconic symbol of Russia and an excellent way to see the city. It’s also one of the most efficient forms of public transportation, with trains arriving at stations every 90 seconds or so.

The Moscow Metro was originally built to be a propaganda project for the Soviet Union, celebrating its past achievements while promising a bright future. But in recent years, it’s begun to adopt a more international approach to station design.

Its architects have continued to incorporate high vaulted ceilings into new stations, but have also embraced a variety of other design features common to the world’s busiest rapid transit systems. This includes glass walls and coloured ticket halls, as well as exit areas designed to make it easier for passengers to get out of the subway.

The Ninth Line

The Moscow Metro is one of the world’s largest metro systems and reaches nearly every part of Moscow. Its 214 stations feature a range of safety systems and modern ticketing systems.

The system is made up of fourteen lines, each with its own colour and name. Each line is also identified by an alphanumeric index.

There are 70 stations that lie deep underneath the streets of the city, 87 on a more shallow level and ten on the surface.

Most of the Moscow Metro’s stations were designed under Stalin’s regime, in the style of socialist classicism. These stations are some of the most memorable in the network, with photogenic architecture and detailed decoration.

The Tenth Line

The Tenth Line is an Eastern-style RPG that hearkens back to the 32-bit era but with a few modern conveniences and unique twists. It’s a sandbox game with unique progression/leveling methods, and also offers a full digital artbook and high-quality soundtrack.

The Moscow Metro is one of the largest and most successful underground systems in the world. In fact, the whole system is deep enough to be considered a shelter in case of a nuclear attack.

Construction of the Moscow Metro required extensive deep-level tunnelling and a cut-and-cover construction method. Moreover, the project faced numerous challenges such as soil, underground rivers, and limestone and quicksand.

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