How is Venezuela Surviving?

Venezuela's opposition leader Juan Guaido, who many nations have recognized as the country's rightful interim ruler, speaks during a rally with Venezuelans living in Canada in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Almost two years have passed since the Venezuelan government announced the imposition of a strict austerity regime. The country has been under a deep recession and inflation has spiraled to an unsustainable level. There are also signs of a violent crime wave in the country, and food insecurity has risen to a crisis level. Whether these issues will be enough to prevent the country from collapsing is unclear, but it is clear that the country is facing significant challenges.

Food insecurity

Earlier this year, Venezuela was named one of the world’s most food insecure countries. The UN FAO reported that 11.7 percent of the Venezuelan population was undernourished. This was the same number as the Global Report on Food Crises, which placed Venezuela as the fourth worst food crisis in the world.

The Venezuelan government has tried to downplay the crisis, blaming shortages on US sanctions. However, the WHO confirmed that there were an increase in undernourished people in Venezuela.

In fact, the UN FAO reported that Venezuela had the highest percentage of food insecure people of any country in the world. In addition, the WHO spokesperson confirmed that there was a significant increase in undernourished persons in Venezuela.

While the government claims that the shortages are due to US sanctions, it hasn’t acknowledged all the factors that are contributing to the shortages. For example, Venezuelans were eating one or two meals a day in their home country, instead of a full diet. In addition, the government hasn’t published health data for the past two years. This makes it difficult to evaluate coverage and coverage rates.

Venezuela’s GDP has been in decline for the past six years, and hyperinflation has exacerbated the food insecurity. In addition, the government has tried to retaliate against health workers for recording accurate data. This makes them afraid to do so.

The IPS report estimates that the total population of Venezuela will be in catastrophic conditions of famine by 2030. It also indicates that a high percentage of children are experiencing acute malnutrition. This is in line with a study conducted by the Bengoa Foundation, which was limited to a selection of Venezuelan populations. However, it is not representative of the whole population.

Inflation

Those who live in Venezuela are going through the worst crisis in the country’s history. It’s a crisis that’s causing massive migration and food insecurity. And it’s causing a social unrest that’s out of character for the country.

The country’s economy is crashing. People are unable to afford basic things like food and medicine. And crime is increasing. This has led to an increase in infectious diseases. The UN has warned that the situation in Venezuela could deteriorate out of control.

Venezuela’s economy has been devastated by a combination of mismanagement, a lack of social services, and hyperinflation. The government is struggling to keep its citizens from starving. Inflation has reached a staggering 10 million percent in November 2018.

In addition to hunger, malnutrition and crime have increased. Many Venezuelans are struggling to find jobs. Psychiatric wards have closed as more people are driven to the brink.

Businesses are closing and a huge part of Venezuela’s exports are made from petroleum products. The country’s oil production is falling and its government has been losing billions of dollars.

Venezuela’s economy has deteriorated so badly that it’s been unable to import enough goods to keep prices stable. This is causing an increase in food insecurity, crime, and infectious diseases. The government’s response to the situation has been poor.

Venezuela’s economy collapsed because of corruption and mismanagement. The country’s economy was once one of the most prosperous in Latin America. Its oil reserves were one of the largest in the world. But oil production has fallen sharply in recent years.

The country’s economy has deteriorated so bad that many Venezuelans have been forced to migrate to neighboring countries. Some are sleeping in public areas and selling services on the street.

Crime

Thousands of Venezuelans have left their country to seek a better life abroad. They face heightened exposure to violence and drug abuse. They also face psychosocial challenges, such as mental health disorders.

Children are among the most vulnerable. Their needs continue to outpace available funding. They need immediate humanitarian assistance. Their lives are threatened by traffickers, irregular armed groups, and crime. They face greater risk of death in transit.

Women and girls face gender-based violence. In Venezuela, they are particularly vulnerable to trafficking. They also face an increased risk of sexual exploitation. Many children do not have access to quality education.

The country’s healthcare system is operating at a fraction of its former capacity. Its water and power systems are deteriorating. Its schools are closed. Many Venezuelans are forced to seek temporary shelter in neighboring countries.

Venezuela’s economy is based on oil trading. But due to the US embargo, production is stifled. That has led to shortages of food and fuel. The shortages have sparked riots. The government has responded with crackdowns. This has led to more than a hundred deaths.

The government has refused to acknowledge the scale of death in Venezuela. But the international community has supported elements of the opposition. It has also provided humanitarian assistance.

Venezuela’s healthcare system is in collapse. It lacks the medicines and staff needed to treat patients. It also operates without reliable power. The pandemic COVID-19 has aggravated the situation.

More than half of remittances coming into Venezuela have stopped. Many Venezuelans who returned home have been unable to find work. Thousands of Venezuelans are also living below the poverty line.

Murder rate

Despite the economic recession that has engulfed the country, the murder rate in Venezuela remains one of the highest in the world. The World Bank estimates that Venezuela has a homicide rate of 56 per 100,000 inhabitants, and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime puts the number at 56.8 per 100,000 people in 2017.

The government claims the crime rate is down, but that’s not necessarily the case. It’s possible that the decline is due to evidence of violent criminals leaving the country. In recent years, many of the largest cities in the country have been the focus of gang violence.

One reason the crime rate has gone down in many Latin American countries is that they’ve been able to reduce the number of homicides by a large margin. In Colombia, for example, the homicide rate has dropped nearly a half percent since 2004.

Another reason is that many homicides are not reported to the police. However, official homicide reports tend to differ from hospital records.

A survey conducted by Vanderbilt University found that 70% of Venezuelans support the government’s efforts to reduce violent crime. 90% also reject the death penalty. A third of Venezuelans say they’re afraid to be murdered in the coming year, and 80% say they’re worried about violence.

Some Venezuelans believe the violence is caused by the influence of television and easy availability of alcohol. Others say the violence is caused by a loss of morality. The government claims that violence is promoted by materialistic TV shows. Some Venezuelans also believe the country’s social order is in ruins. They also argue that the government’s attempt to reduce crime is ineffective.

Dollarisation

During the past year, the economic crisis in Venezuela has brought about a shift in the country’s economic landscape. This is called dollarisation. It has helped stabilize the economy at the bottom of a deep depression. However, it has also brought about some complications, including inflation.

Although Venezuela’s economy has stabilized, a majority of Venezuelans still live in extreme poverty. The country’s share of citizens living in extreme poverty is expected to reach 96% by 2021.

The economy has experienced eight straight years of economic contraction. This has led to an increased gap between the rich and the poor.

The government has tried to address these problems through economic reforms. However, these changes can only go so far. The country remains poor and has not made significant progress in addressing the underlying causes of the problem.

The government’s main social policy remains subsidized food. This is expected to contribute to a further increase in the poverty rate.

The government also relies on economic controls to help businesses. These controls have helped stimulate economic gains in certain businesses. However, they have also facilitated the emergence of black markets.

During the past year, the government has relaxed its economic controls. This has led to an increased use of the dollar. Some experts argue that this is a risky gamble. The Venezuelan economy is still suffering from chronic inflation. The effects of de facto dollarisation are difficult to predict in a country that is facing tightened sanctions.

Although dollarisation is not an official term, it has become common practice in Venezuela. Most people use debit cards or online payment systems to make their purchases.

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