Tapes are a popular means of transporting data. Whether they’re audio or video, tapes can be used to store information. For example, blank tapes were first used by young people to share recordings or create music collections. The low-cost nature of blank tapes made them popular.
Duct tape is a versatile product that can be used in a variety of different situations. The original duct tape was a simple cotton duck cloth impregnated with glue. It was first used to fix broken windows and to make repairs during World War II. In 1943, a woman named Vesta Stoudt was inspired to create the product after seeing the way it could save the lives of soldiers.
This product has hundreds of uses and is used by millions of people around the world. Its unique adhesive and strong waterproof properties made it useful for repairing many different things. It was also used in emergencies to close wounds. Eventually, the product became so popular that it even had its own website and annual festival.
In World War II, the duct tape was created by three companies. The Industrial Tape Corporation, which later became Permacel, and the Johnson Company perfected the process of combining multiple layers of adhesive to a polyethylene cloth backing. This product was initially referred to as duck tape because it repelled water.
There are several different grades of duct tape, each with their own unique properties. The strength and adhesive of a tape determines its grade. A military-grade tape has a rip strength of more than 40 lbs (18 kg), while a lower-grade tape has 20 lb (9 kg) of rip strength. Most commercial grades are not quite as demanding and are classified as utility, general purpose, and premium grade.
The Norelco Carry-Corder was one of the first tape recorders for home use. It was released by Philips in November 1964 and became a sensation. Within a year, over a quarter million recorders were sold in the United States alone, and by the end of the decade, there were more than eighty manufacturers making these recorders. The tape’s mass production led to an improvement in recording quality, and people were buying them in droves.
The tape itself was created by the Philips Company, which patented the compact cassette. It was a single-sided cassette that recorded at one-seven eighth inches per second using high-quality polyester tape. However, the cassette’s commercial success was hindered by the recording industry’s concerns about copyright. The success of the personal recording tape was delayed by several years, but it is still widely used today.
The cassette tape was originally designed for voice dictation. By the 1960s, commercially available audio cassettes were the second most common form of prerecorded music after vinyl. The early audio cassettes had a 45-minute playtime per side, which was longer than the average LP. In contrast, the 8-track tape was a less compact and bulky format that is virtually obsolete today.
The original cassette recorders were sold under the philips and norelco names in the United States and Europe. However, later, philco sued both companies, and philips could not use their names in the American market. This led to the emergence of other brands.
3M’s Scotch tape
The story of 3M’s Scotch tape began when its founder, Dick Drew, was looking for a way to improve the sandpaper he was making. He took samples to various auto body shops and overheard a painter using the “choiciest profanity I have ever heard.” The painter was raging because his job was not up to his standards, and Drew offered to produce tape to fix his problems.
After several years of research, Drew and his team came up with an even better product. They developed a new type of adhesive that stuck better to a variety of surfaces and was easier to remove. Their invention would lead to the development of a variety of adhesives, including Scotch Pop-Up Tape Strips, 3M Micropore(tm) Surgical Tape, and Post-it(r) notes.
In 1925, Drew was the fabrication laboratory manager at 3M, and was given considerable leeway in the creation of new products. This led to a serendipitous development of Scotch tape. DuPont, a competitor, had just developed cellophane, and bakers and grocers wanted a way to seal cellophane without using expensive adhesives. Drew came up with the solution, designing machinery to properly treat the sensitive tape. The result was a clear tape made from oils, resins, and rubber.
Scotch Tape’s patented adhesive is known as a pressure-sensitive adhesive. The pressure from pressing the adhesive forces it into irregularities on the surface of a material. This pressure helps it stick to the surface and prevent it from coming loose. This process is necessary because the adhesive must be somewhere between a solid and a liquid but viscous enough to resist flow.
Norelco’s LGS tape series
Norelco’s LGS tapes were created as a tape replacement for the traditional VHS tape. These tapes came in a variety of sizes to accommodate the different requirements of video tapes. These tapes also made it possible to edit and record audio recordings. Bing Crosby was a big proponent of tape recording. He did not like to perform radio broadcasts twice a day, so he began recording and editing his performances.
BaSF’s LGS tape series
The history of the LGS tape series can be traced back to the beginnings of the recording industry. In the early 20th century, many companies manufactured tapes for home recording. In the early 1900s, EMI and MSS were major players in the UK market. They later merged to form Ilford-Zonal. Later on, BASF and Agfa entered the scene. Both companies made tapes for home recording, but they eventually went into the professional market.