Types Of Sleep Disorders and Treatments

If you usually have trouble sleeping, you may suffer from one of the different sleep disorders. Sleep disorders usually refer to medical conditions that affect the quality and quantity of sleep. Most of these conditions are interrelated with other conditions and can be challenging to treat. 

There are many different causes of sleep disorders. Some of the most common are medical conditions, psychological problems, and lifestyle factors. For example, depressed patients are more prone to insomnia. The symptoms of depression include difficulty falling asleep, nocturnal awakenings, and decreased slow-wave sleep and REM intensity. Anxiety disorders also cause insomnia and are associated with insomnia and panic attacks. These episodes occur during light sleep, but they can be highly traumatic.

Though there are a wide variety of sleep disorders, The significant types of sleep disorders can be numbered as follows

  • Trouble in falling and staying asleep
  • Trouble staying awake
  • Trouble keeping a sleep-wake cycle
  • Unusual sleep behaviour and ritual

Other common sleep disorders can be numbered as follows

  • Insomnia
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Sleep Paralysis
  • Restless leg syndrome (RLS)
  • Circadian Disorders
  • Narcolepsy

What Causes Sleep Disorders

There are several causes of sleep disorders. Hypersomnia and chronic insomnia are the most common. Some health conditions that cause hypersomnia include fibromyalgia, thyroid problems, obesity, and obstructive sleep apnea. Other sleep disorders may affect your body’s ability to regulate your sleeping habits and affect your sleep. Also, sleeping in small beds in small bedrooms can also affect sleep.

The symptoms of sleep disorders can be caused by several factors, including lifestyle and genetics. Your doctor will perform a sleep study to determine the cause. Insomnia is a severe condition that can affect your health and productivity. 

Insomnia

Insomnia is a common disorder that can affect your quality of life. It can cause you not to sleep well and make you feel tired and yawn all day. Some people experience recurring episodes of insomnia. Others have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Whatever the cause, getting sleep can be difficult. 

Treatment Of Insomnia

There are many ways to treat insomnia. Treatment for insomnia includes the following

  • Good Sleep Hygiene
  • Education on How to maintain a good sleep hygiene
  • Therapy or cognitive behaviour therapy for Insomnia (CBTI)
  • Antidepressants or other sleeping pills could be taken only after consulting a sleep Doctor

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is basically a condition that usually causes you to breathe irregularly during the night. This can be difficult to detect, especially since you may not remember it. Many people with this condition do not notice this at all, and even those who do are unable to tell others that they have it. However, this sleep disorder can cause you to wake up unrefreshed, experience fatigue, and experience excessive sleepiness.

Treatment of Sleep Apnea

Mild Sleep apnea could be treated through the following

Persons with severe Obstructive sleep apnea can be treated with the following

  • A continuous positive airway pressure (CPCP) machine is an effective way to treat sleep apnea.
  • Surgically removing excess throat tissue
  • Dental devices or mouth appliances that pull jaw and mouth together
  • Implanted sleeping device to stimulate throat muscle

Parasomnias

Parasomnias are sleep-related abnormalities, commonly known colloquially as “sexsomnia.” Examples of sleep-related sexual behaviors include aggressive masturbation, initiation of sexual intercourse, and making sexual noises. It might also include sleep-walking, sleep-eating, Rapid eye movement disorder, etc.

There are two major types of sleep stages, REM and non-REM. Certain sleep stages are associated with specific behaviours, such as the urge to pee or void. The person experiencing the behaviour is entirely unaware of the event, and there is usually no memory of what happened.

Treatment

The treatments for parasomnias are often dependent on the type and severity of symptoms. In the case of NREM parasomnias, 

  • A person’s condition may be treated by cognitive behavioural therapy and hypnosis.
  • Benzodiazepines can also be used to treat arousal parasomnias.

While the treatment options for these two sleep disorders are similar, they may be more effective for certain patients. If a drug causes parasomnia, the medication may need to be changed. Psychotherapy and hypnosis may also be helpful. If the disorder is not a result of a medical condition, it can be effectively treated with relaxation and cognitive behavioural therapy.

Sleep Paralysis

Sleep paralysis can cause intense anxiety and fear. People who experience this condition tend to wake up feeling exhausted, with a high heart rate and anxiety. Some sufferers feel embarrassed and ashamed and can’t fall back to sleep. In most cases, the episode will end without medical intervention. Sometimes, a simple sound or a touch can be enough to bring them out of sleep. some treatments can help cure sleep apnea

Treatment

There are several types of sleep paralysis and treatments for it. These can include medications, therapy, or both. There are also therapies for these disorders. Other than that, getting proper sleep also helps in the case of sleep paralysis.

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) symptoms are often unpleasant and impair your ability to sleep. In addition to discomforting the sufferer at night, these limbs can make you feel sleepy during the day, and you may even have to get out of bed to relieve the pain. It can also affect your work performance and behaviour. In addition to being uncomfortable, RLS can be a very frustrating condition.

Treatment

Fortunately, there are various ways to relieve the symptoms of RLS. 

  • Lifestyle changes can help ease the discomfort. 
  • Various treatments can help reduce the severity of the symptoms, including changing your diet and drinking more water. 
  • If an underlying health condition causes your RLS, the first step is to treat it. 
  • Iron supplements can help, and treatment for pregnancy-related RLS may involve dopamine agonists.

Circadian Disorders and Treatment

When your internal biology is out of sync with external time cues, it usually refers to Circadian rhythm disorders. There are many symptoms associated with Circadian Disorders, and treatment is dependent on the type of disorder. Advanced sleep phase syndrome affects people who sleep very late, while non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder causes a person to wake up at an earlier time. Most often, delayed sleep phase syndrome affects young adults.

Treatment

  • Proper Exposure to light
  • Adding melatonin to your diet or medication
  • Following a proper sleep-wake cycle

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is often usually associated with excessive daytime sleepiness or sleeping in untimed and improper situations such as driving a car, working, etc. currently, there is no cure for narcolepsy. Still, treatments are available to ease symptoms and improve quality of life. Untreated narcolepsy can worsen over time and have ongoing consequences for the sufferer. Symptoms may include poor school performance, social phobia, and broken relationships. People with narcolepsy may also experience feelings of isolation. As a result, timely access to treatment is essential. Patients must also be careful about the side effects of medications, as these can exacerbate symptoms.

 Treatment

Treatment for narcolepsy may also include 

  • Behavioural changes and environmental modifications. 
  • Children with narcolepsy should actually be encouraged to participate in sports and after-school activities. 
  • A well-designed exercise program will be beneficial for them. 
  • Additionally, avoidance of refined sugars can improve daytime sleepiness. 
  • Methylphenidate, the most common stimulant used to treat narcolepsy,

Conclusion

Other types of sleep disorders can affect a person’s daily life. Often, they are challenging to diagnose and can affect a person’s performance at work. Various sleep disorders can also be symptomatic of other underlying health conditions, so treatment is necessary. 

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