Why is Russia fighting Ukraine, and what does Putin Want?

Russian President Vladimir Putin attends his annual end-of-year news conference, held online in a video conference mode, at the Novo-Ogaryovo state residence outside Moscow, Russia

Why is Russia invading Ukraine? What is the reason Russia has waged a scary war against its neighbors?

Answer? NATO.

As per the experts, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Nato) is behind the Russia-Ukraine crisis. NATO came into being in 1949 CE. Ukraine wants to be a permanent member of NATO, but Russia is against it.

The second World War transpired between 1938 CE and 1945 CE. After Hitler killed himself and Japan surrendered, the war ended, but the Soviet Union refused to withdraw its forces from Eastern Europe. It went ahead and circled Berlin three years later. The United States responded to Russia’s territorial aggression by creating an alliance – NATO in the year 1949. This included, apart from the US, Britain, France, Canada, Italy, the Netherlands, Iceland, Belgium, Luxemburg, Norway, Portugal, and Denmark. Today, Nato has 30 member countries.

If a Nato member nation is invaded, this will be deemed an invasion of all Nato member countries. All Nato member nations will act against the attack as per the agreement signed.

World War II split the world into two parts. The United States and the Soviet Union were two prominent superpowers. On December 25, 1991 CE, the Soviet Union collapsed into 15 new nations: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Estonia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia, Tajikistan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. These newly formed nations created their own government and ran their territory as a sovereign territory adopting different ideologies and grounds of government.

Ukraine adopted democracy with increased dependency on European Union (EU). Russia, on the other hand, had significant differences with the EU. Russia strongly opposed the U.S.-led 2003 invasion of Iraq. However, some European Union members supported and actively participated in the war. Long story short- Russia hates the EU.

On the other hand, Ukraine became a priority partner for the European Union. The EU started supporting Ukraine in ensuring a stable, prosperous, and democratic future for its citizens as per their website.

The United States had different plans. The U.S. wanted to arm Ukraine and develop a nuclear Base in the region in order to keep a check on Russia. Russia kept a close eye on NATO under American leadership, who was moving its infrastructure closer to the Russian border. Russia kept warning Ukraine and the Americans, but the warnings reached deaf ears. However, things changed in 2016 when Donald Trump won the American Elections. Trump, during a summit, mentioned that Russia is “a foe in certain aspects,” but European Union is the biggest trade foe of the United States.

The militarisation of Ukraine slowed down under Trump, and there was a calm, a calm before an apparent storm.

Joe Biden entered in later 2020, and American presence returned in Ukraine. NATO started expanding at a double pace. Putin immediately objected to Nato’s expansion. “America is at our doorstep with missiles. How will America feel if missiles are deployed at Canada or Mexico’s borders?” Putin had asked in December 2021. If Ukraine becomes a Nato member, Russia will be totally circled, which is unacceptable for Putin.

To topple the current America-friendly Ukrainian regime, Russia finally invaded Ukraine, and the war began. The war is going on as we speak. Thousands of innocent civilians are dying. Who is at fault? Ukraine for electing an inexperienced, overly dependent President, America for trying to provoke Russia using Ukraine, or Russia for their insecurities?

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