A steep incline is not the easiest area to grow a garden on, but it’s one of the key areas to grow a garden. Most plants can’t tolerate slopes. Unattached soil washing away with each rain takes away moisture and root support, which in turn stunts plant growth. For added protection and variation for both soil fertility and erosion, plant a mixture of low-growing ground covers such as ferns and native grasses along the slope, creating a deep, verdant background.
One of the most difficult issues you will face when attempting to garden in a steep slope is the poor growing conditions of their soil. You may either have poor quality soil that lacks nutrients or erodes too easily. These two issues can make it extremely difficult for your plants to flourish. However, by following some simple steps, you can more easily create a garden which meets these concerns, maximizes its yield, and reduces the risk of weeds. Let’s take a look at these steps, and see how you can build a beautiful garden even on steep slopes.
The first thing you need to consider is your physical location. For example, if your house faces a sloping driveway and you want to grow plants that can handle that type of slope, there are a number of steps you can take. For example, one of your options is to build a retaining wall that runs parallel to the driveway, running as close to the edge as possible. This will keep your plants away from the edge and keep them from toppling over. In addition, by building the wall higher up, you’ll create an open space between the edges of your lawn and the walls, allowing air circulation and watering easier.
When you choose what plants will grow well in your area, pay special attention to the type of sunlight they get. Different types of plants will tend to do better in different kinds of sunlight. This is a very important consideration when gardening on a sloping surface. You can choose a color scheme that gives your garden the best sunlight, or, if you’re growing plants that cannot tolerate sunlight, simply build your garden so that your choice of plants will have no effect on sunlight.
As a general rule, you’ll want to work the soil a little deeper than normal. This will help channel more rainwater runoff from the hillsides into your garden, improving your soil’s drainage. To improve drainage even further, plant low growing plants, like perennials, as close to the ground as possible. This will allow the roots of these plants to take root deeply, while the tallest of them can climb up the hillside. Low growing perennials are an excellent solution for increasing the amount of drainage available in your terraced vegetable garden.
The most important thing to remember about gardening on a slope is to be cautious about the amount of rain you apply. Watering with a hose is generally a bad idea, as it can wash away the nutrients and moisture from the earth. In addition, watering can wash away any of your initial topsoil, which means that you’ll be back to square one when it comes time to fertilize your plants. If you must water, be sure to use watering hoses that are specifically made for slopes. If you live on a residential street, make sure to plant your vegetables facing away from the house, so that they don’t get damaged by rainwater.
One of the easiest ways to ensure maximum drainage is to build steps into your garden. If you have a paved patio, consider making some steps in your patio. If your terrace is concrete, consider using concrete steps. Gardeners who live on steep slopes find that it’s easier to plant their vegetables in rows rather than trying to plant them one after the other. You can also build raised beds, which are perfect for gardening in almost any kind of soil, provided the beds are level and well drained.
The best way to make a steep slope more attractive to gardening is to plant trees on the flat part of the hillside. As you get price quotes on where to plant, consider planting a row of evergreens next to the road so they do not get damaged by vehicles driving over them. Trees that grow quickly can shade out weeds that might otherwise cause damage to the low ground. However, if you are planting evergreen trees you need to plan on replanting every few years to keep them healthy.
You can also choose planting grasses that are native to your area that are highly resistant to soil erosion and diseases. These grasses can give you the best combination of soil stabilization and good value for your money because they are naturally resistant to disease and insect infestations. Some of these grasses are fescues, rye grass, and St. Augustine grass.
In addition to planting more plants that can do well in a steep slope, it can be helpful to line the planting area with a planting area protector. This device should be buried in the earth about one foot below the actual planting area. It consists of a flexible liner that you place between the dirt and the soil. With the use of this protecting layer you can then plant seedlings directly onto the slope without risk of them sliding down or washing away into the drainage. If you are uncertain of how to prepare your soil properly for planting seeds, you can hire an experienced landscaper to help you.