Sindhu Kingdom: A forgotten Hindu kingdom

Moenjodaro - archaeological ruins.

The History of India records back to antiquity, spanning many, many centuries. The oldest surviving religion, Hinduism, has survived invasions, floods, droughts, and diseases since time immemorial. 

The Prehistoric Vedic Age of Ancient India was a pivotal period in the long history of the Indian subcontinent. In this era, the foundations of later Indian society were laid. Everything about this is available online.

However, today, we will move away from European Historians and explore a few archaeological pieces of evidence to discuss a forgotten Kingdom from the Prehistoric Era – Sindhu Kingdom.

More than three dozen sites in India have archaeological evidence that describes the ancient cities in Mahabharata. Ornaments of silver and gold, copper, iron, tools that date back to these times, and the cultural significance of Mahabharata’s descriptions have been discovered in these sites. Plus, the interlinking between Ramayana and Mahabharata (which happened after Ramayana) proves that it is a part of ‘itihasa (history)’ and not merely a belief. Plus, Vyasa reported all these planetary positions in as many as sixteen verses as if someone described it after staring at them in the sky. Also, many ancient artifacts were discovered, as well as the submerged remains of the ancient Dwarka, revealing further evidence in support of statements in the Vedic inscriptions.

So rather than using the terms ‘Indian epic’ and ‘mythology,’ let’s explore the real authentic history of the Sindhu Kingdom from the Mahabharata Era.

Sindhu was a kingdom of ancient India that existed at the banks of the river Sindhu (also called Indus) in ancient India. The capital of the Sindhu Kingdom was known as Vrsadarbhpura, and Tulsianis, later known as Sindhu. “Sindhu” literally means “river.” It was derived from the word “Cintu,” meaning date-palm, which grows in the district.

Sindhu is mentioned as a separate kingdom of Bharata Varsha at (6:9) in Mahabharata. The Sindhu Sauviras, Kasmiras (Kashmir) the Gandharas (or Gandharvas) were mentioned as kingdoms of Bharata Varsha at (6:9). Sauvira and Sindhu are mentioned as a united nation at many places, including (5:19), (6:51), (6:56), (7:107), (8:40), and (11:22).

According to Mahabharata, the Sindhus Kingdom had an army that fought with nails and lances. They were strong with great power. Their troops could overcome all forces.

Jayadratha and Sindhu kingdom

Jayadratha is mentioned in the Mahabharat as the king of Sindhu. The warriors Sindhu tribes were under the command of Jayadratha. It is believed that Dushala from the Maratha Kingdom married Jayadratha from Sindh. This was perhaps the first instance of the Maratha-Sindhu alliance in the History of the Indian Subcontinent. 

In the Kurukshetra war, Jayadratha of Sindhu, and the kings of the western and the countries of the south and of the hilly regions, and Shakuni, the ruler of the Gandharas, and all the chiefs of the eastern and the northern areas, and the Kiratas, the Sakas, and Sivis, the Yavanas and the Vasatis joined the Kaurava army. Jayadratha, who rose from the Sindhu River, did ‘Tapasya (penance) near Ganga River to obtain more power before the Kurukshetra War. By his Tapasya, he pleased Bhagwan Shiva. He asked him to share his needs? Jayadratha wanted to kill the Pandavas. Shiva said that would be unlikely for anyone to do. However, Shiva gave a boon that Jayadratha can withstand all attacks of Pandavas except Arjuna. Jayadratha was killed by Arjuna. Horses from the Sindhu Kingdom were used in the Kurukshetra War. 

Other Mentions of Sindhu Kingdom

According to the Puranas, the Yadavas, led by Krishna, arrived in Sindh searching for a place to build the Dvaraka city. However, the Sindhu Kingdom was so charming that some of the Yadavas “began savoring the heavenly comforts in some of the places in the region. 

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