An Indian scientist, Abhas Mitra, who contested Sir Stephen Hawking from 1998, is the first scientist to solve Hawking’s Blackhole information paradox. He proved that a true black hole does not exist. Before jumping into the nonexistence of Black Holes. L
Let’s first understand what these black holes are?
A black hole is a place in space where gravity pulls so much that even light can’t escape out. The gravity is so strong because matter has been squeezed into a tiny space. This can happen when a star is dying. Since no light can escape out, people can’t see black holes. Space telescopes with special tools can help find black holes. The special tools can see how stars that are very close to black holes act differently than other stars.
Stellar black holes are form when the center of a very big star falls in upon itself, or collapses. All the matter of that stellar object is squeezed. When this happens, it causes a supernova. A supernova is an exploding star that blasts part of the star into space. Scientists think supermassive black holes were made at the same time as the galaxy they are in. Also Scientists have found proof that every large galaxy contains a supermassive black hole at its center. The supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy is called Sagittarius A.
Abhas Mitra showed his proof regarding no black holes existence in 1998, in his research paper, he proved that the gravitational mass of black hole is zero that means it do not exist. sir Mitra’s proof that black holes cannot form is based in part on the argument that in order for a black hole to form, the collapsing matter must travel faster than the speed of light with respect to a fixed observer so Black holes completely violate relativity, as nothing can be faster than speed of light, Blackhole physics violate this law, and even finest physicists like Albert Einstein and Paul Dirac were not convinced with idea of black hole.
Abhas Mitra put forward a new alternative model for such ultra massive objects – magnetospheric eternally collapsing object (MECO). Later his research papers were published in many top science journals, and no one has disproved his basic proofs till now.
Let’s understand the theoretical model of Magnetospheric Eternally collapsing object (MECO).
In the theoretical model, a MECO begins to form in much the same way as a black hole, with a large amount of matter collapsing inward toward a single point. However, as it becomes smaller and denser but MECO does not form an event horizon.
What is this event horizon? The ‘event horizon’ is the boundary defining the region of space around a black hole from which nothing (not even light) can escape. In other words, the escape velocity for an object within the event horizon exceeds the speed of light.
So, according to this model MECO’s don’t have an event horizon.
Now continuing as the matter becomes denser and hotter, it glows more brightly. Eventually its interior approaches the Eddington limit. At this point, the internal radiation pressure is sufficient to slow the inward collapse almost to a standstill. In fact, the collapse gets slower and slower, so a singularity could only form in an infinite future. Unlike a black hole, the MECO never fully collapses. Rather, according to the model, it slows down and enters an eternal collapse.
Summing up this all, we can write:
- All modern laws of physics work perfectly with MECOs whereas all laws of physics break inside a black hole.
- MECO’s do not have any singularity.
- They are radiation pressure supported objects (stars) thus have their own physical surface.
- They don’t have any Event Horizon
- Few Photons can escape from the surface of MECO’s whereas nothing can escape from black holes once it crosses the event horizon.
- MECO’s have strong magnetic field thus carry electric and magnetic properties, has a finite size, can carry angular momentum and rotate.
Talking of evidences there are many astronomical evidences found in support of the existence of MECOs. Astronomer Rudolph Schild of the Harward–Smithsonian Centre of Astrophysics claimed in 2006 to have found evidence consistent with an intrinsic magnetic field from the black hole candidate in the quasar Q0957+561, whereas no observational evidences are found in support of black holes.
Now the question arises if black holes do not exist, then what was that image captured by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) in 2019 of the central black hole of Messier 87? Sir Abhas Mitra explained that the recent image is misleading, it was the shadow of black hole mimicker, and there are not any single evidences for singularity and event horizon.
He also recently published a book “The Rise and fall of the Black Hole Paradigm” that has all his explanation for non existence of black holes and his theoretical model of MECOs.
“I continue to be impressed by how much Dr. Mitra has learned and how much work he has done. I admire his courageous stand in seeking the truth” Fred Cooperstock, former Professor University of Victoria.