Archaeology is the study of the history of humans using remains as proof of existence. These remains can be any objects that people modified, created, or used. Portable remains, as you might guess, are called artifacts. Artifacts include clothing, tools, and decorations. Non-portable remains, such as post-holes or pyramids, are called features.
India, a nation with the oldest surviving religion – Hinduism, has survived the test of times. Here are ten of the most underrated archaeological sites and discoveries in India.
- Sunet, Punjab: Sunet is a historic village in Punjab. It is located northeast of Tharike. It is popular for the huge mound, measured 17,550 ft. in length and 1,200 ft. in breadth when Alexander Cunningham visited it in 1878-79 CE. At present, the mound has dramatically shrunk in size. Recent archaeological discoveries have revealed that Sunet was, in fact, inhabited from the Ramayan and Mahabharata period. The excavation revealed signs of early Harappan Civilisation. It is the best place to explore if you want to see ancient artifacts and coins. According to the locals in the Sunet area, a king lived here and built an empire around 4000 years ago. However, his misdeeds destroyed the kingdom.
- Ladhoo, Kashmir: Ladhoo is a village in Pampore Block in Pulwama District of Kashmir, India. An ancient Temple, Ladhoo, is situated in the middle of spring or a naturally fed pond known as Sanyasar Nag. The temple is listed from ASI among the monuments of national importance. It is called the Shiv temple, Sun, or Jeevanath Temple. In the heart of Pulwama, a Hindu temple from the 8th Century (or perhaps) with an arch surmounted pediment entrance awaits you. There are no Hindus in Ladhoo, yet a Shiva temple stands tall, narrating the history of the land. ASI protects this archaeological wonder.
- Rock Cut Cave, Kerala: One of India’s most beautiful rock-cut shrines, the Vizhinjam Rock-cut cave records back to the Pallava Dynasty. The shrine has a central cell with sculptures of Shiva and Parvathi. It is the oldest rock-cut cave temple in Kerala. This rock-cut cave is a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India.
- Lamsial Puk (Cave), Mizoram: This cave is located in Champhai district, 6.5 km north of Farkawn town. This cave is just under 10 meters in length. Inside this legendary cave is a mysterious wooden box that holds about a cubic meter of well-preserved and densely packed human bones. You can also find some cloth that was used to wrap the skeletal remains. No proper explanation has yet been uncovered for the same.
- Kalpi, Uttar Pradesh: Kalpi is a Historical city in Uttar Pradesh, India, located on the banks of Yamuna. Field exploration by archeologists into the Yamuna river section between the road and rail bridge at Kalpi proved human occupation from as early as c 30,000 BCE; yes, that old. The archeology sites in Kalpi are full of bones, fossils, and early tools of a prehistoric person. Kalpi is living proof that Western Scientists had it wrong when they said humans came to live by the rivers thousands of years after mountains and hilly regions. The ancient site, between the road and rail bridge, is living proof of the world’s first settlement that lived by a river.
- Chandrapur, Maharashtra: Located in Vidarbha, Chandrapur is a hidden wonder for history enthusiasts. The town sits at the confluence of the Zarpat river and the Irai river. There are numerous ancient stone age sites in Chandrapur District. You will find ancient rocks from 8000 BCE at the rock museum in Suresh Chopane Rock Museum In Tadoba. It would be best if you also explored Hirapur dolmen. Archaeologists date the structures to the 3rd and the 2nd century BCE. However, these structures can be remarkably older. The dolmens’ stones’ height is just under 10 feet and the estimated weight of 100 tons. Mysterious antiques and copper coins are also found just around the dolmen burials.
- Rajarani Temple, Odisha: Rajarani Temple is an ancient Hindu temple situated in Bhubaneswar. It is regionally known as a “love temple” because of the erotic carvings of couples and women inside. Rajarani Temple is constructed in the Pancha Ratha style on an elevated platform with a couple of structures: a principal shrine with a curvilinear spire over its roof rising to a height of 59 feet (18 m), and a viewing hall called Jaganmohan with a lovely pyramidal roof. According to researchers, the architecture of other major temples in central India arose from the Rajarani Temple.
- Paiyampalli, Tamil Nadu: Located in Vellore District, Paiyampalli is a village rich in the history of the earliest settlers of Tamil Nadu. The excavations conducted in the village summarised two mystical cultural periods from 1390 BCE and 300 BCE. You can find handmade potsherds, grinding stones, sharpening stones, and pestles in Paiyampalli.
- Chechar village, Bihar: Chechar village is situated in Bidupur Tehsil of Vaishali district in Bihar. Concrete walls and floors that likely belong to Gupta Period can be explored in Chechar Village. It is a well-known Neolithic site where stone tools from the prehistoric days are omnipresent.
- Kachari Ruins, Nagaland: Imagine a Hindu kingdom with kings that played chess in the 10th Century, CE, at a place where you can perhaps visit today and feel the history. The Kachari Ruins are a bunch of ruins situated in Dimapur. Their history began with the Kachari civilization. The ruins have mysterious mushroom domed pillars, and it is understood that something similar to chess was played there with the mushroom domes.
Now You Know