History and Operation of Chapar Khaneh in the Persian Empire

The tomb of Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid Empire

A post office is a government, public and private facility that presents mail services, including accepting of parcels and letters, presenting post office boxes, and selling postage stamps, stationery, and packaging. Post offices can also offer additional services, which vary by different nations. These include accepting and providing government forms, processing government fees, and services. (such as road tax, bank post office, and postal savings)

Let’s explore the History and Operation of Chapar Khaneh in the Persian Empire.

“Chapar Khaneh” is a Persian phrase for the postal service utilized during the Achaemenid period. Cyrus the Great, the founder of the Persian Empire, developed the system, and later Darius the Great acquired it as the royal method of communication throughout the empire. Each “Chapar Khaneh” was a station principally situated along the Royal Road, a 2500-4000 km ancient highway, which ranged from Sardis to Susa, connecting most of the empire’s major cities.

Chapar Khaneh description

Now the road’s authentic account in question is the following: Royal stations are present along its whole length, and great caravanserais; and throughout, it crosses an inhabited tract and is relatively free from danger. In Phrygia and Lydia, there are twenty stations within a range Of 94½ parasangs. On starting from Phrygia, the Halys has to be crossed, and here are doors through which you must require permission and passes to pass through it.

A strong army guards this post. It is well guarded, and you need permission to cross it.

When you have crosses the passage, and you come into Cappadocia, 28 stations and 100+ parasangs take you to the borders of Cilicia, where the path passes through two more gates and turns, at each of which there is an armed guard posted.

Leaving these behind, you move on through Cilicia, where you find three stations in a distance.

It would be best if you crossed the border between Cilicia and Euphrates river on boats.

In Armenia, the rest-places are 15, and the distance is 56 parasangs.

There is one more place where there is a guard, and you must show your permission slip. For extensive streams interest this place, all of which against has to be traversed by boat. The first of these is Tigris, the second and third have the same name, though they’re not only different rivers, but do not even start from the same place.

The first of the two has its’ primary source in Armenia, while the second one flows later out of the Matienian country. The fourth stream is called the Gyndes, and this is the river that Cyrus dispersed by excellently digging 365 channels.

After traveling through Armenia and exploring the Matienian country, you have four stations; after you pass them, you find yourself in Cissia, where 11 stations and 42 parasangs bring you to another passable stream, the Choaspes, on the banks of which the town of Susa is built.

Thus the total number of the stations is raised to 11, and so many are in fact the resting-places that one encounters between Satotalnd Susa.”

The “Chapars” were fast couriers who were equipped with horses and fresh supplies at each station along the way, enabling them to promptly complete their way without having to obtain supplies on their own or wait for their fresh horse to rest.

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