DIY: How to Create a Human-Made Well

Well Fountain Old Stone Wall Wall Round Middle Ages

No one is going to argue the importance of water, and it is always a priority. There are situations where water is always needed, so it is a nice idea for you to reserve as much as possible. 

By having your well, you can be sure of your self-sustaining source of water. 

But the thing with building a well is that it takes time, energy, resources, dedication, and some reasonable effort on your part before you can construct one. You will even need to dig remarkably deeper than expected, all based on your location. The good thing is that the labor is going to worth it because you and your family will be sure of getting water when you need it. 

Components of the Well

Even though wells can vary in design, the basic principles are the same, and they are applied only with slight modifications. Below is a list of some of the most well-known components of a well and description: 

  • Well Hole: Some refer to this as the well itself, and it is the hole that is dug or excavated or created inside the earth, and it establishes its path to water in the soil. 
  • Well Casing: It is a prefabricated component that is put inside the hole and extends from the source of water right to the surface. It offers strength to the well and stops it from collapse. 

Irrespective of the kind of item that the well casing is composed of, the essence is to ensure that the dirt is kept away and contaminated or polluted groundwater does not seep into the water source. Today, plastic or metal are some of the most well-used items in this regard. 

  • Steining: This is the wall portion of the well placed on top of the ground, and it is usually constructed upon a base portion known as the well curb. It can be fixed in place, or it can also be fabricated so that the sinking can be done under the weight. The steining thickness should be sufficient to handle the weight of the well cap or the material placed upon it. 

Other parts include the well cap, well screen, pump, and vessel, each having its purpose. 

Digging Your Well

Now that you are aware of the parts needed, we can go straight to discussing the steps you need to dig your well properly. Since this is a human-made well, you are going to go for the hand-dig style. This is the easiest, but you should also know that it will also be the most demanding. Tools that you will need include mattocks, shovels, picks, adzes, and buckets. 

As long as you can use these tools, all you need is just coordination and lots of labor. Hand digging of wells is a traditional style for the digging of wells. But you need to know that as you are doing your digging, the size of the well hole has to be bigger to create enough space for the workers and what this implies is that well water is easier to have contaminants although the well is going to produce a lot more water compared with a smaller one. 

However, you need to pay close attention to additional risks like cave-ins, and you should not go beyond 50 feet in depth for safety reasons. It is also a good idea if you seek the help of experts or experienced hands before you proceed with your human-made well. 

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