The largest fixed internal organ is your liver. It weighs about 1.36–1.59 kilograms or 3–3.5 pounds and is about a football’s size. Your liver is situated beneath your lungs and rib cage, in the upper right-hand area of your abdomen.
Like other organs, the liver is also prone to numerous acute and chronic problems, including fatty liver.
Fatty liver, also known as steatosis, describes the liver’s buildup of fats.
According to modern researchers, there is a likelihood that as much as 30 percent of the adult population experiences a certain degree of fatty liver disease. This disorder used to occur almost particularly in people who drink excessively. However, the other major causes for this are a matter of debate and discussion.
Fatty liver was commonly connected with people who drank high amounts of alcohol, but today, this disease is widely observed even in people who never drink as well. It is also a major issue that if fatty liver is not diagnosed on time, it may evolve to more serious liver disease resulting in complete liver failure. These days, the fatty liver condition symptoms are also seen in people who are not even overweight.
Fatty liver disease
Fatty liver disease occurs when too much fat is stored in the liver’s cells. Although it is completely natural to have a tiny amount of fat in these cells, the addition of increasing amount of fat in the liver cells and in between the other tissues can generate severe inflammation and damage the liver. Alcohol abuse may be the cause of this disease. Still, several fatty liver disorders fall under the subject of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is becoming a well-known liver disease in all age groups, but particularly in people with diabetes and obesity.
The initial, luckily reversible stage of liver disease is non-alcoholic fatty liver. Sadly, it often goes completely undiagnosed and can lead to a more critical liver condition known as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH, ultimately leading to liver cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis is an unavoidable stage of liver damage and increases liver cancer risk.
Causes of fatty liver disease
The principal factors that can cause this disease to develop or lead to it:
- Large quantity consumption of refined carbohydrates: Frequent intake of refined carbs increases fat storage in the liver, mainly when huge quantities are consumed by people who are insulin resistant or fat.
- Surplus belly fat: people with fat accumulation around the waist or visceral fat can also point to the disease.
- Excessive weight/fatness or Obesity: Obesity is associated with low-grade inflammation, which can promote liver fat accumulation. It is estimated that 50% of obese adults and adolescence obesity causes it to increase.
- Insulin resistance: Individuals with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes have high insulin levels and enhanced insulin resistance, resulting in fat accumulation in the liver.
Reversing fatty liver disease
Several health issues may result from fatty liver. Luckily, if caught early, it can be reversed. You can do several things to get rid of it, but weight management and especially the reduction of abdominal fat can cause a lot of liver fat loss.
- Eating property: Choose a wholesome plant-based diet rich in fruits, greens, proteins and reduce fats and carbs intake.
- Maintaining a normal weight: Reduce the number of bad calories you eat every day if you are overweight or obese and do more exercise. If you have healthy body weight, use a healthy diet and workout to sustain it.
- Physical activity: Exercise or any form of physical activity (like yoga) can promote reducing liver fat. Even mild exercise can be useful in targeting liver fat. You can regulate the weight with an appropriate workout and a wholesome diet.
For most patterns of this disease, the principal treatment is weight loss with fit changes in diet and an increase in physical activity. Weight loss seems to affect most cases directly; the liver becomes less fatty as individuals lose weight.