How to solve the stubble burning problem in India?


The winter is coming, and with that pollution, the crisis is also coming in the National Capital, Delhi, as the AQI measuring instruments show the readings of 400 and above.

Just to explain to you the severity of this, below is the AQI range and the health impacts associated with the air pollution:

The major pollutants that are disturbing Delhi are PM 10 and PM 2.5. The major sources of these pollutants are vehicular emissions, soil and road dust, biomass burning, fly ash, coal apart from these construction activities, and solid waste burning and industrial pollution contribute to the cause.

Due to some years, stubble burning has been a significant addition to the deteriorating quality of air. As Delhi is a landlocked territory, the wind required to carry away the dust particles is almost negligible, and this led to the blame game between the states like Haryana, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh.

Although the central government is putting its best foot forward due to Delhi’s geographical and meteorological limitations, finding a solution to the ongoing crisis becomes a tedious and hard nut to crack.

To tackle the stubble burning (parali) burning, the Delhi government has announced a solution recently. The Chief Minister of Delhi has come up with a solution in the form of a bio- decomposer that turns stubble (parali) into manure.

A solution is prepared by mixing the Pusa decomposer capsule with the available inputs and left to ferment for 8-10 days. The solution is then sprayed on the crops that can turn the crop residue into manure in 15-20 days. Thus, the solution consists of seven or eight fungi that produce enzymes that decompose or digest cellulose, lignin, and pectin. The fermented liquid solution is entirely organic and chemical-free.

Although it might not be enough, All must welcome this small step. Still, it’s something, this spray should be made available all over the country by the government authorities either for free or at minimal cost, rather than fining the farmers or categorically blaming the farmers for polluting the air, let me tell you, stubble burning wouldn’t have caused a problem if other anthropogenic activities would have kept the pollutant concentration low. We need to understand that fighting pollution will require a united front that includes citizens and government contributions. We need to bypass the blame game and collectively find solutions beneficial to Environment, farmers, and the economy.

Remember, unity is the need of the hour; together, we can provide solutions and save the Environment.

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