Institutional investors worth $10.2 trillion (7.8 trillion pounds) have written to the boards of global mining companies to understand better their engagement with First Nations people in the wake of Rio Tinto Ltd’s RIO.AX destruction of Juukan Gorge rock shelters.
The group of 64 investors and their representatives, including the Church of England Pensions Board and the Australian Council of Superannuation Investors (ACSI), issued a Thursday statement.
The group has written to the boards of mining companies operating in Australia and internationally to seek assurances about how they gain their social licence to operate with First Nations and Indigenous communities, they said.
“Our collective long-term investment means that we need to have real confidence in how the sector obtains and maintains its social licence to operate with First Nations and Indigenous peoples,” the group said in a statement.
“The events at Juukan Gorge have shown this is a significant risk for investors and have prompted us all to take a deeper look at how relationships between companies and First Nations and Indigenous peoples are formed and function over the long period of mine operation and remediation.” The letter was sent to the boards of 78 mining companies, including Australian iron ore miners Rio Tinto, BHP Group Ltd BHP.AX and Fortescue Metals Group Ltd FMG.AX, as well as to others such as Barrick Gold Corp ABX.TO, Glencore PLC GLEN.L and Brazil’s Vale SA. VALE3.SA.
Australia has a parliamentary inquiry ongoing into the Juukan Gorge disaster. Rio Tinto legally blew up two sacred and historically significant rock shelters in Western Australia to expand an iron ore mine in May.
The inquiry investigates issues around how mining companies obtain consent from Aboriginal groups in a process that was revealed to have restricted them from objecting to development on their ancestral lands. It will visit the destroyed sites on Monday.
Public outcry over the Puutu Kunti Kurama and Pinikura people’s deep distress, and a push by institutional investors, saw three Rio executives, including Chief Executive Jean-Sébastien Jacques, lose their jobs.
Since then, other miners such as BHP and Fortescue have been reviewing their heritage management strategies, while planning laws in Western Australia that allowed for the destruction of the sites is under reform.