Many property owners strive to make their property a beautiful place to enjoy. Careful landscaping and various features can help to improve the appeal of the property. Even providing walking paths can allow owners and guests the means to stroll through the property to enjoy the scenery.
Some property owners, however, wish to add more natural, living features to their property. A living pond is the choice of many of these owners. It can provide a beautiful feature that provides a home for fish and plants. It can also help to attract other wildlife to the area for their viewing enjoyment.
Determining a Location
The first step to adding a pond to a property is determining the right location. This will require finding a mostly level area where a pond can be built. Consideration must also be given to whether electricity can be run to the area. This can help when it is time to find a pond aerator.
The ground also needs to be checked for the type of soil. If the soil is too sandy or does not have enough clay content, it may not hold the water properly. If this is the case, a pond liner may be needed to keep water from just seeping into the ground.
It is also important to check local laws and regulations surrounding this kind of project. Some areas have water regulations that may prohibit some ponds from being built or may require a permit. It is also important to contact utility companies to ensure no gas or electric lines run under the area for the pond.
It is also important to find a place where the pond can get sunlight in the morning and shade in the afternoon. Keeping the pond water cooler helps to prevent algae growth. Near a tree may be a nice option but try to keep it away from any overhanging branches. This can cause leaves and other debris from the tree to clog up the pond.
Setting Up the Pond
After the right location is found and the hole is dug, the next step in the pond process is to add the equipment needed. If using one, a liner can be placed to secure the water in the pond. Various types of rocks and natural materials can be placed around the liner to give a more natural appearance to the pond.
The pond will also need an aeration system. This helps to keep the water from becoming stagnant. It provides the oxygen needed so that any fish or water plants can thrive in the water. Filters and pumps may also be an option depending on the type and size of your pond.
If the pond is near electrical access, running an extension for the equipment can be quite simple. However, if the pond is far away from any electricity access, there are solar-powered options available. This can allow the aeration system and any other necessary equipment to be run on the power of the sun.
There are also chemical products and bleach that can assist in keeping the pond free of algae and other unwanted growths. However, when adding certain plants and any fish, these products could pose risks to them. It is important to check all product information before using any of these types of chemicals for cleaning the pond.
Pond Plant Life
There are a variety of plants that can be added to and around the pond to offer beautiful scenery for the property. Instead of sloping the sides of the pond, steps or shelves can be created in the dirt to allow easier placement of many types of plants around the pond.
Choosing the right plants for a pond can be very beneficial and reduce the need for chemicals in the water. Plants help to control the nutrient levels in the water. Without a high nutrient content, algae cannot grow. This helps to create a perfect balance for the pond water.
Plants along the edge of the pond is a great way to help remove the nutrients from the water to prevent the algae. These marginal plants should not be planted in the soil or in pots. They can be set along the edge of the pond and secured with larger stones. Cattails and water irises are perfect for this. Their new roots will soon anchor them to the edge of the pond and provide filtration for the water.
Other plants can be beneficial in reducing the sunlight on the water. Excessive sunlight can promote algae growth. Water lilies and water hyacinth can help cover the water surface to prevent light from entering. These beautiful flowers can also add aesthetic value to the pond.
Adding fish to a pond can help bring an extra level of beauty and nature to the pond. However, not all fish can live in a pond or in every climate. It is important to find fish that are low maintenance and can handle temperature changes for a particular environment.
Goldfish are hearty fish that can live well in ponds. They are very low-maintenance and can help keep a pond healthy. They can survive by eating plants, algae, and even the larvae of various insects that may visit the pond. Goldfish can grow up to a foot long and live for ten years.
Koi are another type of fish that can thrive in a pond. They can get up to three feet long if the pond is large enough to allow it. They can also survive winters in some of the most northern states of the US. These fish can live for 40 years or more. However, these fish will need to be fed regularly.
A pond is not a difficult project to complete. With a little research and some dedications, any property can have this added benefit. Just be certain to ensure that the water has proper aeration to ensure plants and fish can live and thrive. There are other features that can be added to a pond to create a unique experience for any property owner. Waterfall features, various lighting, and different patterns or stones can all be determined by individual preferences.