Mata Katyayani is a form of Maa Durga, worshipped on the 6th day of Navratri. She was born to destroy Demon Mahishasura. She is worshiped as the Adi shakti Swaroop who would give you the husband you have prayed and worshipped for if you make a vow of fasting. She is also connected with Shakti’s fierce forms, which also includes Chandika and Bhadrakali, and traditionally she is associated with the color red, as with Goddess Parvati, the form of Shakti. Devi Kanya Kumari is said to be the avatar of Devi Katyayani.
History and Significance of Mata Katyayani
Demon Mahishasura was creating hell in the world of gods (devas). There was panic everywhere, and no one understood how to fight the devil. The Devas visited Vishnu for help.
Vishnu, with Shiva and Brahma, emitted flames from their eyes, and a mountain of light was formed. From this effulgence, Katyayini took form. Stronger than suns, with black hair, three eyes, and eighteen arms, she was born as the daughter of Sage Katyayan. Vishnu present her a Sudarshan Chakra, Shiva gave her his trident, Agni a dart, Varuna presented her a shankha, Surya a quiver full of arrows, Vayu a bow, Indra a thunderbolt, Brahma a water-pot, Kuvera a mace, Visvakarma a battle-ax, and Kala a shield and sword. Thus armed and loved by the gods, Katyayani moved to the Mysore hills.
The asuras saw her and fascinated by her grace; they share the news of this beautiful lady with Demon Mahishasura, their king. Mahishasura was anxious to marry her.
On asking for her hand, Maa Durga told him he must defeat her in a fight. He took on the form of the bull (Mahisha) and fought.
A raging battle took place between Mahishasura and Ma Katyayani. She crushed him and cut off his head with a sword. The death of Mahishasura is celebrated as Durga Puja in India. She is also called as Mahishasuramardini, the one who killed Mahishasura.