The first tourists landed at Berlin’s new airport on Saturday, 9 years after it was initially due to open and as the world aviation industry copes with falling demand due to the COVID pandemic.
Dozens of climate activists demonstrated at the new airport on Saturday, carrying signs reading “Flying is so yesterday” and “BER opening canceled due to the climate crisis”, using the code for the full name of Berlin-Brandenburg Willy Brandt Airport.
Construction on BER began in 2006, and the airport was initially due to open in 2011. But construction problems and technical issues saw the date pushed back repeatedly, a significant embarrassment that dented Germany’s reputation for efficiency.
The delays left Berlin relying on two outdated and increasingly crowded Cold War-era airports: Tegel, which served the west of the city, and Schoenefeld, which was once Communist East Berlin’s airport and integrated into the new facility.
The first plane to land was an Easyjet flight, a special service that took off from Tegel on the other side of the city. That airport will close next weekend.
A Lufthansa plane landed minutes later.
“With just one airport, we can make our business much more efficient,” Easyjet Chief Executive Johan Lundgren told Reuters before the flight.
Because of the coronavirus pandemic, Easyjet is cutting its fleet based in Berlin to 18 planes from 34 and cutting 418 out of around 1,500 employees. At the same time, another 320 staff will work shorter hours until next June.
Engelbert Luetke Daldrup, chief executive of the city’s airports, expects just 10 million passengers to land in Berlin this year, compared with 36 million last year. BER’s current capacity is 40 million.
The new airport, which is owned by the German federal government and the states of Berlin and Brandenburg, cost nearly 6 billion euros ($7.1 billion), roughly three times the initial budget, and is not expected to make enough revenue to pay back its debts.
That means the airport will need grants, restructuring, a strategic investor, equity from its owners – or a combination of these – to put it on a more solid financial footing.