India’s Agriculture Policy In Alignment With Regional Aspirations

New Delhi: Union MoS Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Parshottam Rupala addresses at the inaugural session of the National Conference on Zaid Agriculture Campaign and Horticulture 2020, in New Delhi on Jan 17, 2020. (Photo: IANS/PIB)

Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Parshottam Rupala on Thursday reaffirmed India’s commitment to fulfil the aspirations of Asia-Pacific regional countries and share responsibility to ensure food security for all.

“Our ‘neighbours first’ policy will live up to the aspirations of the region with collaboration in the exchange of best practices in research and development and programmatic interventions to step up production and productivity of agriculture produce,” said Rupala at the ‘Hand-in-Hand’ Ministerial Session on the third day of the 35th Asia-Pacific Regional Conference (APRC) of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations.

Government delegates from 46 FAO Member Nations, along with private sector and civil society organizations, came together for four days at the 35th session of the FAO APRC being hosted by the Royal Government of Bhutan.

This virtual conference was convened to plan responses and recovery work to address the twin pandemics — COVID-19 and hunger.

More than 400 delegates, including government ministers, private sector, civil society, academia and technical experts in the food and agriculture sectors, participated.

“A flexible approach has been adopted for facilitating imports from other countries — digital copies of phytosanitary certificates are being accepted to not disturb the world food supply chain” said Rupala.

He expressed the government’s willingness to share its experience and work with FAO to assist other countries in the event of a recurrence of desert locusts and fall armyworm attack.

Rupala also encouraged FAO to find innovative solutions to address challenges related to water scarcity, climate change, hunger and nutrition.

“I urge FAO to find innovative solutions, evidence based analysis and partnership to develop multi-sectoral solutions to the challenges of water scarcity, climate change, hunger and nutrition,” said Rupala.

COVID-19 has led to a setback in the fight to end hunger and malnutrition. Food production and supply has been hit hard in many countries.

Global food systems are under stress due to the compounding threat of the pandemic on existing crises such as conflict, natural disasters, climate change, pests and plagues.

“We have recently presented the FAO COVID-19 Response and Recovery Program, which aimed at preventing a global food emergency during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, while working on medium to long-term development responses for food security and nutrition” said FAO Director-General Qu Dongyu, in his statement made during the ministerial session at the conference.

“In line with the UN approach to ‘build back better’ and in pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals, it aims to mitigate the immediate impacts of the pandemic while strengthening the future resilience of food systems and livelihoods.”

Earlier at the senior officials meeting on the first day of the conference, the Indian delegation lauded the exemplary measures adopted in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Alka Bhargava, Additional Secretary with the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, said the government’s timely intervention to control COVID-19 has not affected India’s harvesting of rabi crops and sowing in the current kharif season.

S.K. Malhotra, Agriculture Commissioner with the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, informed the delegates about India’s key role in the global food supply chain as the country is one of the key agri-produce exporters.

Besides, he mentioned India’s record foodgrain production and lauded the successful control of trans-boundary pests like fall armyworm and desert locusts.

The Asia-Pacific region is home to more than half of the world’s undernourished people, and with COVID-19 the number of hungry people in South Asia is projected to rise by nearly a third to 330 million by 2030, the Sustainable Development Goal deadline set by the global community to eliminate hunger and malnutrition in all its forms.

From Afghanistan and Iran in the west, across populous South and East Asia, and far out into the Pacific Islands, new ways and approaches will be needed to battle back from these twin pandemics.

Climate change is another aggravating factor disrupting efforts to increase resilience across our food systems.

The conference highlighted FAO’s recently launched comprehensive COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme that is designed to provide a flexible and coordinated global response that aims to ensure access to nutritious food for everyone.

The programme includes the mobilization of all forms of resources and partnerships at country, regional and global levels.

Another minister in India working hard towards the welfare of farmers and agriculture, Yogi Adityanath, is all set to create a new body, dedicated to the farmers through a government body.

The new body will assist enterprising farmer producer organisations (FPOs) in investing in projects for post-harvest infrastructure management and community farming assets with the help of the Agriculture Infrastructure Fund (AIF) that the Centre had announced in August.

The body will be for farmers what Udyog Bandhu is for the industrial entrepreneurs.

According to official sources, the new body will be headed by an official who will be designated as the chief executive officer (CEO), and will be assisted by officials drawn from other departments such as agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, dairy development on deputation.

The Uttar Pradesh government will also coordinate with the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) to help FPOs get loans from banks as working capital or to set up food processing units, cold stores, branding and packaging units, warehouses among others. Each FPO will be entitled to a maximum loan of Rs two crore.

The FPOs can operate at district, state and national level for the product identified as per their requirement of processing, branding and marketing. The ‘One district, One product’ policy will get a thrust under this initiative.

Devesh Chaturvedi, Additional Chief Secretary, Agriculture, said that the FPOs Policy, 2020 would be sent to the state cabinet for its approval soon.

“We have already made a presentation of the policy before Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. Now, it will be sent for the cabinet’s approval,” he said.

Chaturvedi said the policy would be a game-changer for the rural economy.

The state aims to set up 1,000 FPOs. Each block will have an FPO, comprising between 300 and 500 farmers.

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