As a rule of thumb, this section accounts for 10% of the total word count of the body of a general research paper, or about 400 words spread over three paragraphs in a 4000-word paper. With that, let us now understand how to write a step by step introduction section.
1. Provide background information and set the context.
An article discussing the potential beneficial role of bacteria in the treatment of cancer might begin as follows: “The role of bacteria as an antiseptic agent was recognized almost a hundred years ago.” An article on it lithium batteries could introduce this study with the following phrases: ‘Rapid development of lithium-ion batteries and their new uses, such as powering electric cars and storing electricity for grid supply, batteries Demands more reliable ways to understand and predict performance.
At the same time, the introductory statement should not be too broad: note that the introduction in the above examples was not usually once the first sentence introduces a wide field, the next sentence can indicate a specific area in that wide field. As you may have noticed, the papers in the above examples refer to the subfield as:
- The remission of certain types of cancer after accidental infection by Streptococcus progenies,
- The source of nutrients for plants and energy for microorganisms, Organic matter in the soil.
- Imaging techniques to visualize the 3-dimensional structure of batteries materials and components.
2. Introduce the specific topic of your research and explain why it is important.
As you can see from the examples above, the authors are moving towards presenting a specific topic of their research. So now in the following section, you can bring some statistics to show the importance of the title or the seriousness of the problem. Here are some examples: An article on proven precautionary malaria control may mention the number of people infected, the number of hours lost, or the cost of treating the disease. Crops A paper (Do my homework) on developing crops that requires a little water can mention a shortage of crops due to severe famine or famine.
One of the most efficient modes of public transport could be the extent of air pollution due to fatigue from two-wheelers and a shrinking ratio between the number of automobiles and the length of the road.
3. Mention past attempts to solve the research problem or to answer the research question.
As mentioned earlier, a regular review of the literature in the introductory section of a research paper is out of place. However, it is advisable to point out any previous relevant research and explain how your research differs from these efforts. Differences can be simple: you may have repeated the same set of experiments but with different biology, or its description (which includes more complex or modern analytical tools) than a larger and more diverse sample, or a wider range. Study with different geographical layouts.
4. Conclude the Introduction by mentioning the specific objectives of your research.
The first paragraph should logically address the specific objectives of your study. Note that this part of the introduction gives specific details: for example, the first part of the introduction may mention the importance of controlling malaria while the last part will explain what control methods were used.