What Is Micro Farming? A Simple Guide to Micro Farming

Are you trying to figure out what micro farming is? Read this article to learn more about what micro farming is and how it works.

A constant supply of fresh vegetables from small areas of cultivation right on your doorstep. Sounds wonderful, right? Well, even for those who think they don’t have green fingers or thumbs, this is a definite possibility with micro farming.

Micro farms, also called microfarms, usually refer to agricultural or horticultural infrastructures on five acres of land or less. Micro farms are popular in urban areas and, to a certain extent, micro farming shares some principles with square foot gardening.

Keep reading to learn all about how micro farming works.

Eco-Friendly and Sustainable

Micro farms are usually run on an eco-friendly or organic basis, and focus on sustainability year-round.

One drawback is that large crops, such as squash, or sweet corn, or courgettes don’t fit into the small, tightly packed spaces in a typical micro farm layout. Garlic, herbs, and microgreens, including onions, are the most common crop choices.

Most commercial micro farmers grow a wide variety of salad greens and herbs to supply niche markets. Private individuals love growing a small kitchen garden because they are passionate about adopting a greener, more sustainable lifestyle.

Micro Farming With Soil

You’ll always find people who love to connect with Mother Earth and get their hands dirty. They prefer to use a soil and compost mix as their substrate, and may even replenish their soil with a combination of fertilizer from vermiculture and/or green compost.

Efficient, Vertical Aquaponics

Perhaps the most intensive method of growing salads and herbs for the table is indoor vertical aquaponic micro farming. No soil, no mess, no fuss.

It is the planting and growth that’s intensive, not the labor involved. Vertical aquaponics is ideal for institutions, such as homes for senior citizens or corporate canteens. Having this clean, simple system at close quarters is a great boost to resident and employee nutrition and wellness.

Of course, vertical farming does not only apply to micro farming, nor does vertical farming need to be indoors, or based on aquaponics.

The size of your aquaponics system or greenhouse can vary enormously. There are productive units about the size of a double door soft drinks refrigerator. And there are also large greenhouse affairs around covering thousands of square feet.

Micro farming gives you daily access to fresh food, free of toxins from chemical fertilizers. Micro farming using the indoor vertical aquaponics method has been called a “transformative food movement,” and we’re guessing you can all agree with that.

Depending on the type of micro farm setup you would like, start-up costs will vary. Things to get in place right from the outset are your layout and irrigation system, and it’s worth planning them both carefully.

If you are new to gardening, it is better to start modestly. All gardeners become experienced through trial and error. It’s always best to make errors on a small scale, and keep your successes for large-scale operations!

More Food, Less Space

The concept of micro farming is not new, and it makes sense to grow more food in less space. It also makes sense to do away with the costs of heavy machinery and reduce labor, thus achieving a cheaper source of food.

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