Science Behind Satellite Television


Satellite television is a service that presents television programming to humans by transferring it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer’s location. The signals are acquired via a free elliptical antenna, generally referred to as a satellite dish and a block downconverter.

Here is the science behind Satellite Television

As mentioned by Colin Ingram in one of the articles on NYK Daily, delivery of audio and TV signals, and telephone connections via satellite are done by Communications Satellites. These kinds of communications need a satellite in geostationary orbit.

The Signal from Above

Broadcasters compose content and then set up contracts with providers to carry their shows. Once the broadcasters have formed the content, it is transferred to the satellite provider, which is encrypted into a digital format and moved to the uplink station for overdrive located somewhere on the Earth. 

The Uplink Station

In means of communication, this phrase can be used to explain the transmission of radio signals from Earth to the high-powered satellite revolving around our planet. Stations are set up with small to huge dishes ranging from two feet up to 40 feet in breadth. Larger satellite dishes often provide the capability to send more data faster and are known to be much more stable than smaller alternatives. Each station sends data to a specific satellite in the sky within a precise range of frequencies.

High-powered satellite

The uplink station encrypts the information then sends it up to the communications satellite revolving around the Earth. The data traverses nearly 22000 miles into space. The satellite rotates within the geosynchronous orbit relative to the Earth. 

Home Antenna and Satellite Receiver

Today’s satellite dishes are very cheap, typically under 1 meter. Remember, you can always get a more substantial dish that will enhance your signal and leave you less sensitive to outages. The satellite dish is set up outside then a cable is run from the satellite dish into your home and the frequency receiver. The satellite cable is not attached to a network and typically, you don’t distribute the system with others, so there is little room for error if there’s an issue.


The end-user will get channels depending upon their subscription to the service. Channel availability is based upon the provider. Satellite TV can be set up regardless of the neighborhood. All you need is a free view of the southern sky.

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