How to draw a Seahorse in 4 Simple Steps


Seahorse is the name given to different species of tiny marine fish in the genus Hippocampus. “Hippocampus” comes from the Ancient Greek word hippokampos- hippos meaning “horse” and kampos meaning “sea monster.”

This sea animal’s common name is acquired from the fundamental formation of its upper body that matches the neck and head portion of a horse. However, the seahorse has a larger and thinner snout. This species is seen worldwide. It thrives in the tropical climate of Europe, Australia, the Americas, and Japan. Areas laden with mangroves, seagrass, or coral reefs are more inclined to have the seahorse species. They are skilled predators that use camouflage to laze in waiting for their prey. Almost 46 subspecies with varying appearances have been discovered so far.

The below tips will help you in drawing a seahorse:

  • Sample Image: More often than not, a detailed image is the best assistant in picking up a species to draw. For example, the Big-Belly Seahorse has a visibly rounded belly area. The tiny Pygmy Seahorse is a master of camouflage that has numerous tubercles on the body. The crowned seahorse has a bony ridge on the edge of the head. The winged seahorse has small wing-like formations on the back. Furthermore, different varieties have their trademark traits. Browse through the internet, journals, periodicals, and magazines to obtain a suitable picture for guidance.
  • Basic sketch: Draw the head through a small circle. The snout can be drawn in the following step. Draw a curve for the neck and an oval for the upper torso. Draw a slightly intersecting circle towards the deeper end of the oval. This forms the somewhat bent abdominal portion. Draw the tail with a separate curve.
  • Anatomical drawing: One basic characteristic running through the entire body of a seahorse is ring-like bones. Unlike other fish, this species does not have layers on the body. The skin covers the bones such that they are visible from the underneath. The number of these circular bones differs from species to species. Therefore, this point has to be taken care of while determining the shape of its various parts. Beginning with the muzzle, filter the head area. Find the eyes near the top of the mouth. The neck is not clearly marked in a seahorse. It starts thinner and increases slowly into the round belly area. The tail begins broader and thins down towards the end, where it is curled. However, there can be exceptions in different species.
  • Shading and Colors: The shading and colors are used principally to bring out the different features of the subspecies and define the presence of light.

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