Extinct Animal Series: Russia

fossil of bison Schoetensacki

This is part 4 of our series exploring the extinct animals from different regions of the world. We started this series four weeks ago with North America. As mentioned in the first part, since greedy humans have created a soundless apocalypse in the wild with numerous species disappearing from the face of earth, we intend to cherish and celebrate these poor species from different regions. We explored South America in Part 2. We saw extinct species in Australia in Part 3.

The small list of animals extinct in Russia.

  1. Spectacled Cormorant: The spectacled cormorant or Pallas’s cormorant is an extinct marine bird of the cormorant family of seabirds that occupied Bering Island and possibly other places in the Komandorski Islands and the nearby coast of Kamchatka in the far northeast of Russia. The current distribution was shown to be a relic of wider prehistoric distribution in 2018 when fossils of the species from 120,000 years ago were found in on Russian borders. It is the most abundant species of cormorant known to have existed.
  2. Moscow Water Dog: The Moscow Water Dog, also recognized as the Moscow Diver, Moscow Retriever or Moskovsky Vodolaz, is a little-known dog breed originated from the Newfoundland, Caucasian Shepherd Dog, and East European Shepherd. It is now extinct but was used in the expansion of the Black Russian Terrier. The Moscow Water Dog was produced only by the Red Star Kennels, the state-operated organization chartered to render working dogs for the armed services of the Soviet Union.
  3. Leninia: Leninia is an extinct genus known from the late Early Cretaceous (lower Aptian stage) of western Russia. Leninia was first named by Valentin Fischer, Maxim S. Arkhangelsky, Gleb N. Uspensky, Ilya M. Stenshin, and Pascal Godefroit in 2013 and the type class is Leninia stellans. It was named for Vladimir Lenin, one of the leaders of the Communist Revolution in Russia, like the museum it is currently housed in is also named for him. The specimen was discovered in 2012, on the banks of the river Volga near the town of Kriushi in a limestone nodule. There are numerous other fossils from the same time period near it, including ammonites, lamellibranchs, and fish remains. Only part of the skull was found.
  4. Pleistocene woodland bison: Bison Schoetensacki, known as the Pleistocene woodland bison or the Pleistocene wood bison, is an extinct species of bison that lived until Middle or Upper Pleistocene between western Europe to southern Siberia.
  5. Cerebavis: Cerebavis is a genus of bird that lived during the Middle Cenomanian (Late Cretaceous) period, about 122 Ma ago, and is distinguished from a single brain mold found in Volgograd Region in Russia. Once thought most likely a member of the Enantiornithes, it is renowned for its unusual brain, which displays some unusual features, including a well-developed olfactory system and large cerebrum, implying it had a well-developed sense of smell. In 2015, a reappraisal of the specimen concluded that it belonged to an ornithurine instead of an enantiornithean.

Source: Britannica, Wikipedia, The Atlas of World Wildlife, The Game Birds and Mammals.

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