Trees are the natural treasure we got from Mother Earth. There are endless advantages of trees and maintaining ecological balance is one of those benefits. Unfortunately from the past few decades, we have started cutting down the trees for various developmental activities. Now the situation has become very drastic due to the brutal destruction of trees and forests that everyone has to pay a lot for this sin. The entire ecological balance has been disturbed due to deforestation.
Trees play an important role in maintaining the proper ecological balance. A forest is not just a huge area covered with trees but it is more than that. It is a habitat for many species of different flora and fauna. Deforestation is converting forests into barren dry land. Eventually, this dry area has to suffer from the scarcity of natural resources like water and vegetation, etc.
Now we need to work together for afforestation to restore the ecological balance. Afforestation helps in many ways to maintain the ecological balance like,• Forest provides a natural habitat
Forest is home to various plants and animals. It provides habitat to thousands of species of wild animals. Along with this, the forest also helps in purifying the environment by absorbing the impurities in the atmosphere.
Trees contribute to maintaining the water cycle of the forest area. Trees also play an important role in maintaining the climatic conditions of the forest region and its surroundings. • Trees prevent soil erosion
Soil erosion is a big problem creating due to the cutting of trees. Afforestation will also prevent soil erosion.The roots of trees hold the soil tightly and thus prevents erosion.
More trees, more soil and more nutrients will be present in the soil. The presence of nutrients in the soil will make it more fertile. It also helps the micro-organisms who live within the soil.• Trees maintain CO2-O2 level in the atmosphere
This is one of the major drawbacks of deforestation. We all have read from our childhood that trees help in maintaining the proper balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Trees absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Now the amount of carbon- dioxide is increasing day by day to extreme levels due to various causes and numbers of trees are reducing every year. This is the reason, the level of carbon dioxide is increasing. Eventually, the oxygen and carbon dioxide level in the environment is disturbing.
If we start taking the initiative to afforestation then we can make some changes in the present scenario of the environment. We can treat some major environmental issues to some extent like climate change, global warming, pollution, soil erosion, etc. • Forest provides various raw materials
Trees are the precious gift of nature given to us. It not only helps in treating the environmental issues as mentioned above but also provides us raw materials such as timber, wood, etc.
Afforestation helps in rejuvenating a forest region. Forest provides shelter to many animals and people staying near forest range. It solves the problem of food for these people somehow.• Forest helps in maintaining the food chain
The ecosystem of a forest region majorly depends on trees. It helps in the regulation of the food chain properly.
For example- herbivorous get their food from plants & trees and omnivorous fulfills their need for food from herbivorous. In this way, the trees play an important role in the regulation of the food chain properly.
Trees are like natural purifiers that purify the air from pollutants. Plants and trees perform photosynthesis process which is very helpful for maintaining the CO2-O2 level in the atmosphere. There is no other alternative to fulfill the requirement of trees in our life.
Take a deep breath and think about what we can do to save the environment. Yes, afforestation is the primary answer you will get. We need to focus on the plantation of more trees. We need more trees to prevent mother Earth. Afforestation is the correct solution to restore ecological balance in the environment.